Types Of Wicca
Founded in England
during the 1960s, Alex Sanders referred to himself as the "King" of his Witches. The rituals are said to be modified Gardenarian.
A mix of Celtic and Gardenarian beliefs.
Most famous organization at this time is the International Red Garters. British Traditionals move mostly from within the Farrar
studies (the famous Witch husband and wife from England.)
They too are fairly structured in their beliefs, and train through the degree process. Their covens are also co-ed.
The use of a Celtic/Druidic pantheon
mixed with a little ritual Gardnerian, and heavily stressing the elements, nature and the Ancient Ones. They had a vast knowledge
of and respect for the healing and magickal qualities of plants and stones, flowers, trees, elemental spirits, the little
people, gnomes and fairies.
Formally known as the Hecatine Tradition,
this denomination of the Craft is Scottish in origin, and still preserves the unique festivals of the Scots.
Followers of this Tradition uses
a great deal of ceremonial magick in their practices. Detailed rituals with a flavor of Egyptian magick are sometimes a favorite,
or they may use the Qabbalistic magick.
First pinpointed by Margaret Murray
in 1921 in "The Witch-Cult in Western Europe," this term appears to include a mixture of various traditions.
However, their prime focus in recent years is on the Goddess, and has been pegged as the "feminist" movement of the Craft.
Look in any personals column in a
Craft-oriented newsletter or journal and you will see this catch-all phrase. Basically, it indicates that the individual does
not follow any particular Tradition, demonimation, sect, or magickal practice. They learn and study from many magickal systems
and apply to themselves what appears to work best. I happen to be an Eclectic Wiccan.
Organized by Gerald Gardner in England
in the 1950s. Just why is this fellow so darned important? Gerald was one of the few people so determined that the Old Religion
should not die that he took the risk of publicizing it through the media. Under all the hype, I truly believe he understood
that the young needed the Craft as much as the Craft needed a new generation to survive.
One who can trace the Craft through
their family tree and who has been taught the Old Religion by a relative who was living at the same time. Channeling doesn't
count. How far one has to go back on the family tree to meet the conditions of the first part of this definition is debatable.
Family Trades (another name for Hereditary Witches) occasionally adopt individuals into their dynasty. This decision is never
a light one, and usually stems from the lack of offspring to carry on the line, or the high regard they hold for the person
in question. The ceremony is intricate and important. After all, it is not every day you can pick your relatives! It
is much like the marriage of an individual into a family.
You will hear this term every once
in a while. Basically, this type is one who practices by hearth and home, dealing with the practical side of religion, magick,
the earth and the elements. There are some who groan loudly at this type of terminology, viewing it as degrading or simply
inappropriate. Just remember that the Old Religion started somewhere, and most likely the kitchen (or cookfire) was the hub
of many charms, spells, healings, and celebrations. After all, where does everyone congregate during the holidays? Grandma's
kitchen has always produced magickal memories for humanity; visions of Mother making that something special for a sick child
still holds true today for many of us.
Scottish Witchcraft that attunes
itself to all aspects of nature; animal, vegetable, and mineral. It is a solitary from of the Craft and mainly magickal in
nature with little religion.
Indigenous to South Central Pennsylvania.
This is a system, not a religion, based on 400 year old Elite German magick. Pow-Wow has deteriorated to a great degree into
simple faith healing. Although Pow-Wow finds its roots in German Witchcraft, few practicing Pow-Wows today in Pennsylvania
follow the Craft or even know the nature of its true birth.
Founded by Raymond Buckland in 1973.
Although of Saxon basis, it was authored by Raymond himself without breaking his original Gardnerian oath. Raymond Buckland's
contribution to the Craft is a significant one. Not only did he develop a Tradition that is more than acceptable to many individuals,
he also has written a large volume of textbooks on different magickal aspects and practices of the Craft, thereby enhancing
many lives in a positive direction.
One who practices alone, regardless
of Tradition, demonination, or sect. Solitaries come in various forms. Some were at one time initiated into a coven and eventually
chose to extricate themselves from that environment and continue practicing a particular Tradition or sect by themselves.
A solitary can also be an individual who has no desire to practice with or learn from a coven structure, but still may
adhere to a specific Tradition or sect through the teachings of another. And finally, a solitary Witch can be a person
who has decided to tough it out on their own, learning from books, networking, and fellow Witches of different Traditions.
These people have the ability to pick themselves up and brush themselves off, and live to try again. More and more individuals
are selecting the solitary path rather than that of group interaction.
Follows a tradition seated in Italy
that began around 1353 with a woman called Aradia. Of all the traditional Witches, this group appears to be the smallest in
number in the U.S.; however, their teachings are beautiful
and should not be missed.
From ancient time the Teutons have
been recognized as a group of people who speak the Germanic group of languages. Culturally, this included the English, Dutch,
Icelandic, Danish, Norwegian and Swedish peoples. This is also known as the Nordic Tradition.