This day is sacred to the goddesses known as the Three Fates, the German goddess Bertha, the Morrigan,
the Parcae, and the Japanese household gods.
Many modern Witches and Wiccans around the world traditionally start off the new year with a spell for
good luck and a ritual to bless the new year with peace, love, health, and prosperity for all.
This is a traditional time for ending bad habits and beginning New Year's
The first day of January was dedicated by the ancient Romans to the god Janus. Janus possesses two identical
faces looking in opposite directions: one to the past, and the other to the future. He is a god of gates and doorways, and
a deity associated with journeys and the beginnings of things.
The birth of the Pagan goddess Inanna has been celebrated annually on this day since ancient times. Inanna
is the Sumerian queen of heaven and earth, and a deity who presides over both love and war.
Every year on this date, the Perihelion of the Earth takes place. When this occurs, the planet Earth reaches the point in its orbit closest to the Sun. Many astrologers consider this to be a highly significant event.
In ancient Egypt, a religious ceremony known as the Advent of Isis from Phoenecia was performed yearly on this date in honor of the goddess
On this day, an annual fertility ceremony known as the Deer Dances is performed by the Native American
tribe of the Pueblo
in the southwestern United States. The ceremony, which includes sacred ritual dances performed by shamans wearing deer headdresses, is centuries-old and dedicated
to the great female spirit-goddess known as the Deer Maiden.
In ancient Greece, a Pagan religious festival called the Lenaia was celebrated each year on this date in honor of Dionysus, the god of wine
In Korea, the annual Sacrifice to the Seven
Starts (Chilseong-je) is performed on this date at . To receive good fortune
and divine blessings, water and white rice are offered to the god who rules the constellation Ursa Major.
Twelfth Night and Wassail Eve (in England) heralds the end of Christmastide. In ancient
Egypt times, it was believed that the waters of the mystical
and sacred River Nile possessed special magickal powers on this date.
On this date in the year 1918, renowned astrologer and author Jeane Dixon was born in Medford,
On this date in the year 1988, Circle Sanctuary of Mount Horeb, Wisconsin, became legally recognized as
a WiccanChurch by its local Township
and County levels of government. Circle Sanctuary's attainment of church zoning was a significant victory for Wiccans around
the world, for it was the first time a Witchcraft group had been publicly sanctioned as a church by local government officials.
In the seventeenth century, it was customary on this day for a special Epiphany Cake to be baked with a
coin in it. Whoever was lucky enough to receive the portion containing the coin was saluted by the family as a "king" or "queen"
for the day. As part of the tradition, the "king" or "queen" would draw cross symbols on the ceiling with white chalk to drive
out evil spirits and ward off misfortune.
On this date in the year 1989, Jamie Dodge (a Wiccan who had been fired from her job at the Salvation Army
because of her Wiccan beliefs) won a lawsuit against her former employer for violating her First Amendment right to freedom
of religion and unnecessary entanglement of government with religion.
On this date in the year 1880, "Old Dorothy" Clutterbuck was born in Bengal. She
belonged to a hereditary Witch coven in the New Forest of England, and was the High Priestess who initiated Gerald B. Gardner
into the Craft in 1939. She passed away in the year 1951.
The Feast of Dreams, a centuries-old ritual, is performed annually by the Native American Indian tribe
of the Iroquois to celebrate their New Year, which occurs on this date.
In rural England and Scotland, Plough Monday (the first Monday after Epiphany) occurs on or around this
date. A plough is traditionally paraded through the streets and a ritual sweeping with brooms is performed to drive away evil spirits from the village.
In years gone by, an old ritual to ward off Witches was performed annually on this date in many fishing
villages along the coast of Scotland. At sunset, a barrel of tar would be placed on top of a pole, set on fire, and allowed
to burn throughout the night. Afterwards, charred pieces of it would then be used by the villagers and fisherman as protective
In ancient Rome, a festival called the Carmentalia was celebrated annually, beginning on this date and
lasting until the fifteenth of January. The festival honored the Roman goddess Carmenta, a deity presiding over childbirth,
whose priestesses cast the fortunes of children at the moment of their birth.
Juturna, the ancient Italian goddess of pools and still waters, is honored each year on this day.
Saint Silvester's Day. Evil spirits are traditionally driven away with clanging bells on this night by
villagers in Urnasch, Switzerland, where the pre-Julian New Year's Eve continues to be celebrated on this date.
In pre-Christian Ireland, the thirteenth day of January was celebrated each year as the Feast of Brewing
by the ancient and mysterious priests known as the Druids.
On this date in the year 1967, a psychedelic spiritual "pow-wow" called the Human Be-In took place in San
Francisco's Golden Gate Park. The event drew approximately 20,000 people (including Allen Ginsberg and Timothy Leary) and consisted of chanting, dancing,
poetry readings, music, and celebrations of love and the unity of humankind.
In Southern India, the three-day Pongal festival begins on this date each year to celebrate the January
rice harvest, honor the great sun-god Surya, and give thanks to the spirits who
In ancient Rome, a sacred festival called the Feast of the Ass was celebrated each year on this date in
honor of the goddess Vesta and the ass that saved her. Vesta presided over the hearth and her temple was lit by a sacred fire
tended by six virgin priestesses known as the Vestal Virgins.
Each year on this date in the country of Indonesia, the fire-god Betoro Bromo is honored by Buddhist monks
and pilgrims who gather at Mount Bromo. At the first stroke of midnight, offerings of food and flowers are cast into the volcano
where the god is believed to dwell.
On this date in the year 1976, the famous astrologer and author known as Zolar died.
Wassailing the Apple Trees, a ritual dating back to old Celtic Britain, is held annually on this date (the
eve of the old Twelfth Night). A traditional libation of cider is poured on the roots of apple trees while an old invocation
is sung to the tree in order to ensure fertility and to drive away all evil-natured supernatural entities.
In the country of China, the kitchen-god Zao Jun is honored with prayers and offerings of sweet rice cakes
each year on this night, which marks the end of the Chinese year. For luck, paper images of the god are burned and dried beans
are thrown onto the roofs of houses.
Each year on this date, the Thorrablottar (also known as Husband's Day) is celebrated in Iceland. In pre-Christian
times, it was celebrated as Pagan festival in honor of the mighty god Thor, the red-bearded lord of lightning bolts and thunder.
On this date (approximately), the Sun enters the astrological sign of Aquarius. Persons born under the
sign of the Water Bearer are said to be inventive, independent, unconventional, and often idealistic. Those born on this day,
the cusp of Capricorn and Aquarius, are believed to make the best astrologers. Aquarius is an air sign and is ruled by the
planets Saturn and Uranus.
On this date (approximately) in the year 2160, the Age of Aquarius will begin when the Sun moves into the
11th sign of the zodiac. According to many occultists and astrologers, the following two thousand years will be a Golden Age
of spiritual enlightenment, mind power, world peace, love, and harmony. However, according to many prophets, the Age of Aquarius
will also bring cataclysmic changes in the Earth and its atmosphere.
Saint Agnes' Day. On the eve of Saint Agnes' Day, according to ancient legend, an unmarried woman will
see her future husband in a dream. Saint Agnes' Day (named after the Roman Catholic child martyr who was beheaded in the year
304 A.D. for refusing to marry) is an ideal time for Witches to cast love spells and prepare love potions and charms.
This day of the year is sacred to Yngona, an ancient goddess worshipped by the Danish people in pre-Christian
Festival of the Muses. Each year on this date, the invisible spirits that inspire and watch over all poets,
musicians, and artists are honored and invoked with Goddess-inspired poetry, Pagan folk songs, music and dancing
A Pagan festival known as the Day of Hathor is celebrated annually on this date in Egypt to honor the ancient
cow-headed goddess of heaven, beauty and love. A libation of cow's milk is poured into the River Nile as prayers to the goddess
Good-luck rituals are traditionally performed during the Vietnamese Lunar New Year Festival (Tet), which
takes place annually on or around this date. Offerings are made to ancient deities and ancestors, traditional feasts are prepared,
and evil spirits are driven away with
Each year on the second new moon after the winter solstice (which normally occurs on or around this time
of the month), the traditional Chinese New Year begins and is celebrated for two consecutive weeks until the full moon.
On the first day of the New Year, ancestral spirits are honored and houses are decorated with strips of
red paper to attract good luck and ward off evil ghosts. A Lantern Festival and Dragon Parade traditionally take place on
the last night of the New Year celebration.
On this date, the annual Day of Ishtar ceremony takes place to honor the ancient Assyrian/Babylonian goddess
of love, fertility, and battle. Ishtar is identified with the ancient Phoenician goddess called Astarte.
In the Shetland Islands, a centuries-old fire festival known as Up-Helly-Aa is held each year on the last
Tuesday of January (which normally falls around this date). The festival, which marks the end of the traditional Yuletide
and pays tribute to the old gods and goddesses of the ancient Viking religion, climaxes with the torching of a replica of
a Viking ship. The day ends with a traditional prayer to drive away evil entities from village homes.
On this day in the year 1688, famous mystic, scientists, and spiritualist-medium Emanuel Swedenburg was
born in Sweden. His works had a major influence upon the secret societies of the eighteenth century, and a religion based
on his mystical theological philosophy was founded in his name by his followers.
In the country of Vietnam, a mythical and centuries-old Parade of the Unicorns takes place each year on
this date (approximately).
According to mythology, the ancient Pagan goddesses Irene and Pax were born on this day.
In ancient Rome, an agricultural festival called the Feriae Sementiva (Feast of Spring) was celebrated
annually on this date with sacrifices to Ceres (the goddess of agriculture) and Tellus Mater (the goddess of the Earth and
fertility), as well as other lesser gods and goddesses
associated with agriculture.
On this date in the year 1940, Z. Budapest (the founder and leader of the main branch of feminist Dianic
Wicca) was born in Budapest. Among her many accomplishments, she founded the Susan B. Anthony coven (named after the famous
suffragist), hosted a radio show in San Francisco, directed the Women's Spirituality Forum in Oakland, and led a successful
public hexing against a mass murderer.
Each year on or around this date, a sacred festival is held in the Katmandu Valley of Nepal in honor of
the goddess Sarasvati, an ancient Indian deity who presides over all forms of education. As temples dedicated to her, offerings
of food, flowers, and incense are made by faithful Hindus and students who seek her help on their school exams. In the courtyard
of the Hanuman Dhoka, an ancient palace where the king is accompanied on this day by Nepalese officials, the annual rites
of Spring begin with a traditional gun salute, followed by veneration ceremonies which are performed by the royal priest.
In the Hawaiian Islands, a joyous flower-filled festival in honor of an ancient goddess associated with
the narcissus flower is celebrated each year on this day; while in China, an annual festival honoring Kuan
Yin takes place.
February, the second month of the current
Gregorian calendar and the third month of Winter's rule, derives its name from Februa, the name of a Roman purification festival
held on the fifteenth day of February in ancient times. The traditional birthstone amulet of February is the amethyst; and
the primrose and the violet are the month's traditional flowers.
February is shared by the astrological
signs of Aquarius the Water-Bearer and Pisces the Two Fishes, and is sacred to the following pagan deities: Aradia, Brigid, Juno Februa, and the Wiccan Goddess
in Her aspect as the Maiden. During the month of February, the Great Solar Wheel of the year is turned to Candlemas, one of
the four Great Sabbats celebrated each year by Wiccans and modern Witches throughout the world.
Brigit, the Celtic Earth-Mother and
goddess of fire, wisdom, poetry, and sacred wells, is honored on this day. In Ireland,
offering of yellow flowers are made to the goddess at sacred wells dedicated to her. In ancient Greece,
the three-day Lesser Eleusinian Mysteries began each year on this day in honor of the goddesses Ceres, Demeter, Persephone,
On this day, the Candlemas Sabbat is celebrated
by Wiccans and Witches throughout the world. Candlemas (which is also known as Imolc, Oimelc, and Lady Day) is a fire festival
that celebrates the coming of Spring. New beginnings and spiritual growth are represented by the "sweeping out of the old,"
symbolized by the sweeping of the circle with a besom (a Witch's broom). This is traditionally done by the High Priestess
of the coven, who wears a brilliant crown of thirteen candles on top of her head. In ancient Europe, the Candlemas Sabbat was
celebrated with a torch-light procession to purify and fertilize the fields before the seed-planting season, and to honor
and give thanks to the various deities and spirits associated with agriculture.
the evil demons of winter are exorcised annually on this day with a festival called the Setsu-bun. Beans are placed in every
corner of a family's house, and pointed branches and sardine heads are mounted over the doors. Centuries-old purification rites are performed by priests in all temples and shrines.
Prayers are written on slips of paper and then cast from bridges into the rivers below.
Throughout northern Japan,
a centuries-old winter snow festival takes place each year around this time of the month. The ancient and beneficial spirits
that bring life-sustaining water are honored at special shrines erected in huts resembling Eskimo igloos.
A festival in honor of the love goddess
Aphrodite was held each year on this date in ancient Greece.
On this date (approximately), the annual
spring fertility festival known as Li Chum is celebrated in China.
Bamboo and paper effigies of a water buffalo (an animal which symbolizes "new life") are carried through the streets by a temple-bound procession. After reaching the temple, the effigies are set on
fire in the belief that prayers for prosperity will be taken up to heaven by the rising smoke.
The annual nighttime ritual known
as the Star Festival is celebrated on this date (approximately) in China.
The stars that influence the fate of mankind are honored by the lighting of 108 small lanterns on a special altar, and prayers
are offered to the sacred stars that governed one's birth.
In northern Norway,
the Narvik Sun Pageant is held annually on this date in honor of the ancient Pagan goddess who rules over the Sun. The festival,
which has been celebrated since pre-Christian times, begins at sunrise and continues throughout the day until the shadows
of evening darken the sky.
An ancient African festival marking
the beginning of the fishing season and the New Year is celebrated annually on this day by members of the Kebbawa tribe of
Nigeria. The ancient gods of their religion are honored and
invoked, and traditional fish ivinations are performed.
In pre-Christian times, the goddess
Anaitis was honored on this day in the country of Persia (now
Iran). She was a deity who was said to have possessed great
powers over the Moon and the seas.
Each year on this date, millions of faithful
men, women, and children make a pilgrimage to the shrine of Our Lady in Lourdes.
A spring in the village of Lourdes, France, is believed by many to possess
curative powers. The pilgrims bathe in the water in the hope that it will heal their illnesses and disabilities.
On this date in the year 1663, the
infamous clergyman Cotton Mather was born in Boston, Massachusetts.
(This is certainly one birthday no Witch would ever celebrate!) His writings and sermons condemning the practice of the Old
Religion contributed greatly to the hysteria of the 1692 Salem Witch-hunt. Cotton Mather died in Boston,
one day after his birthday, in the year 1728.
On this date, an annual holiday called
the Parentalia was observed in ancient Rome. It lasted until the twenty-first
of February and was a day for families to honor and commemorate their deceased loved ones, particularly their parents. During
the week of Parentalia, all temples in Rome were closed and all wedding ceremonies
forbidden. Ancestral tombs were visited and offerings of wine and flowers were
Saint Valentine's Day. This is a
day dedicated to all lovers, and the traditional time for Witches around the world to practice all forms of love magick and
This day is sacred to Juno-Lupa,
the she-wolf goddess of the ancient Roman religion. In early times, she was honored annually on this day by a women's fertility
festival and the sacrifice of a female wolf.
On this date in ancient Rome,
a festival known as the Lupercalia (Feast of the Wolf) was celebrated to honor the god Lupercus and to mark the beginning
of Spring. The festival which was a rustic ritual of both purification and fertility magick, also included the sacrifice of
goats and dogs to the god Faunus (identified by classical writers as the horned goat-god Pan). During the orgiastic festival,
young men would choose their sexual partners by drawing the names of young women out of a bowl.
In the distant past, a rite called
the Devil's Dance was performed annually on this date (approximately) as part of the Tibetan New Year festival. Monks wearing
grotesque masks would dance for hours as a village sorcerer exorcised demons and the evil influences of the past year with
various magickal incantations.
On this day, according to Hindu religion
and mythology, the fearsome goddess known as Kali was born and the world entered into the Kali Yuga (the "Evil Age"). Kali,
the destroyer-goddess, was depicted with black skin, a hideous face, and four arms. In ancient times, human sacrifices were
made to appease her and to satisfy her thirst for blood.
On this day, a festival of women
known as the Spenta Armaiti was held annually throughout the country of Persia.
Ancient fertility rites were performed by temple priestesses in honor of the goddess Spandarmat, and the goddess who dwells
within all women was honored and invoked with special prayers and meditations.
On this date (approximately), the
Sun enters the astrological sign of Pisces. Persons born under the sign of the Two Fishes are said to be telepathic, tolerant,
sensitive, artistic, and often prone to daydreaming. Pisces is a water sign and is ruled by the planet Neptune.
According to mythology, the goddess
Minerva was born on this day (which is sacred to the Pagan deities Nammu and Nina).
On this date in the year 1882, the
Society for Psychical Research was founded in London, England,
by a group of prominent philosophers and physicists. It became Britain's
leading organization for research into the world of supernatural phenomena and the paranormal.
In ancient Rome,
an All Soul's Day ceremony known as the Feralia was held annually on this date at the close of the Parentalia festival. Family
reunions were held and Lares (ancestral guardian spirits) were honored with prayers and offerings.
On this day in the year 1917, Sybil
Leek was born in Stoke-on-Trent, England.
She achieved fame and success as a modern Witch, astrologer, and occult author. Her psychic predictions of the Kennedy assassinations
and the election of Richard M. Nixon as president of the United States
are documented. She passed away on October 26, 1982 in Melbourne,
On this date, the last festival of
the ancient Roman year (the Terminalia) was celebrated annually in honor of the god Terminus, a deity who ruled over boundaries
and frontiers. During the Terminalia, neighbors whose lands were divided and protected by Terminus would gather together an
pour libations of wine, honey, and the blood of sacrificed pigs on their stone boundary-markers.
Shiva, the multifaceted Hindu god
of destruction and renewal, is honored annually on this date (approximately) by a day of fasting, followed by an oil-lamp
vigil known as the Shivaratri (Shiva's Night) which takes place at shrines dedicated to him.
In many parts of the Christian world,
a joyous pre-Lenten celebration known as Carnival takes place annually on or around this date. In ancient days, orgiastic
fertility rites and sacrifices of humans and animals to herald the arrival of Spring were common at this time of the year
in many parts of the world.
Pentagram Night. As a symbolic gesture
to reaffirm your dedication to the Craft of the Wise, dip your fingertip into a small cauldron pot filled with Yule-log ashes
and then use it to draw the sacred symbol of the Witches' Pentagram (five pointed star within a circle) over your heart at
the first stroke of .
On this day in the year 1861, famous
psychic and spiritual philosopher Rudolf Steiner was born in Kraljevic (which was part of Hungary
at that time). He possessed clairvoyant powers and communicated often with nonphysical entities. In 1902, he was appointed
general secretary of the German Section of the Theosophical Society, and in 1913, he established his own school for esoteric
research. He died on March 30, 1925.
On this date in the year 1692, Abigail
Williams and Ann Putnam, two young girls from Salem Village, Massachusetts,
accused three local women of using the black arts of Witchcraft to torment and bewitch them. On the following day, Sarah Good,
Sarah Osburne, and a West African slave named Tituba were arrested, marking the beginning of the infamous Salem Witch Trials
of 1692. By the end of the year, when the trials were finally brought to a close, over 200 women and men had been arrested
and jailed, 19 had been hanged at Gallows Hill, and one man had been pressed to death.
According to folklore, this is a
very unlucky day to have a love letter postmarked. It will lead to the breakup of your love affair or engagement.
March, the third month of the current
Gregorian calendar and the first month of Spring, derives its name from the ancient Roman war-god Mars, who also presided
over the fertility of the land.
The traditional birthstone of March
are the aquamarine and the bloodstone; and the daffodil and the jonquil are the month's traditional flowers.
March is shared by the astrological
signs of Pisces the Two Fishes and Aries the Ram, and is sacred to the following Pagan deities: Eostre, the Green Goddess,
the Lord of the Greenwood, Mars, and Ostara.
During the month of March, the Great
Solar Wheel of the Year is turned to the Vernal Equinox, on of the four Lesser Sabbats celebrated each year by Wiccans and
modern Witches throughout the world.
On this date in the year 1888, the
Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn (an influential Western occult order and secret society) was established. It offered teaching
on ceremonial magick, divination, Kabbalah, and other occult-oriented sciences. Many of its rituals are still in use by modern-day
practitioners of High Magick. Aleister Crowley (one of the Golden Dawn's most famous members) was initiated into the Order
in the year 1898 but was later expelled.
In ancient Rome,
the sacred fire in the Temple of Vesta
was rekindled by the Vestal Virgins on this day which, at one time, marked the beginning of the Roman year.
The first day of Marc is celebrated
in Bulgaria as Granny March's Day. (Granny-March is an old
Witch-Goddess who presides over the month of March). It is believed throughout the country that if any woman works on this
sacred day, Granny March becomes angry and uses her magickal powers to destroy the crops with storms.
In various parts of Europe,
women celebrate Mother March each year on this date. The Mother-Goddess who presides over the third month of the year is honored
and a festive parade is held to commemorate all women who have created life.
The number three is the most magickal
of all numbers; therefore the third day of the third month is believed to be a favorable time for Witches and practitioners
of magick throughout the world.
This day is sacred to all Triple
Goddesses and deities of the Moon (which shows itself in three aspects: waxing, full, and waning). The magickal and healing
power of pyramids is said to be strongest on this day.
On this day in Ireland
and Wales, the annual Feast of Thiannon is celebrated by many
Wiccans in honor of Rhiannon, the Celtic/Welsh Mother-Goddess who was originally known as Rigatona (the Great Queen) and identified
with the Gaulish mare-goddess Epona.
On this date in ancient Greece,
an annual ritual called the Anthesteria was held to honor the souls of the dead (the Keres). The ritual lasted for three days.
On this date in the year 1968, the
Church of All Worlds (founded by Otter
Zell) was formally chartered, thus becoming the first federally recognized church of Neo-Paganism.
In parts of North Africa,
the ancient Egyptian goddess Isis is honored on this date with an annual festival of music, dancing, and feasting. In Rome,
Isis's opening of the seas to navigation was commemorated on this day with an annual ceremony called
the Navigum Isidis (Blessing of the Vessel of Isis).
On this day in the year 1890, the
poet William Butler Yeats was initiated into the Isis-UraniaTemple
of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn. There, he studied the magickal arts and took the magickal name Daemon est Deus Inversus
(which translates into "The Devil is God Reversed").
Mother Earth Day, a festival which
honors the birthday of the Earth as a Mother Goddess, is celebrated annually on this day throughout China.
The festival consists of street parades, the lighting of firecrackers, feasting and partying. "Birthday presents" (coins,
flowers, incense, paper dolls, etc.) are placed in small holes in the ground, blessed, and then covered with soil.
On this date, the annual Butter Lamp
Festival is held by Buddhist monks in Tibet to render demons
powerless and to secure the favor of the gods. Yak-butter sculptures of Buddhist heroes are paraded through the streets as
sacred chants are recited. After the procession, the sculptures are then cast into the waters of a river.
On this day in the year 1909, the
famous Dutch clairvoyant and psychic healer Gerard Croiset was born in the Netherlands.
Using his clairvoyant abilities, which manifested early in his childhood, Croiset healed hundreds of patients daily at this
clinic. He also worked with various police departments as a psychic criminologist and solved crimes in more than half a dozen
countries. His death occurred on July 20, 1980.
Jacques de Molay, the last Grand
Master of the Order of the Knights Emplars, was burned alive at the stake on this date in the year 1314. Shortly before he
died, he accurately predicted the death of King Philip IV of France
within the year and the death of Pope Clement within forty days.
On this day in the year 1873, psychic
researcher and occultists Stewart Edward White was born in Grand Rapids, Michigan.
He authored several books containing material obtained through his wife's spirit-channeling sessions, and he served as president
of the American Society for Psychical Research in San Francisco, California.
The thirteenth day of the third month
is considered to be the luckiest day of the year for all Witches (especially if it should happen to fall on a Friday), as
thirteen is the number associated with the traditional Witches' coven and three is a powerful magickal number.
In Luxemborg, a Pagan fire festival
known as Burgsonndeg is celebrated annually on this day with the lighting of great bonfires to welcome Spring and the rebirth
of the Sun.
The annual thirteen-day Ghanian New
Year celebration begins on this date. A series of special ritual dances are traditionally performed on the first eleven days
of the festival to dispel all evil spirits and honor the souls of the departed. The shrines of the beneficial spirits are
ritually purified on the twelfth day, and a joyous celebration of the new year takes place on the thirteenth day.
This day is sacred to Ua Zit, a serpent-goddess
of the ancient Egyptian religion.
On this date in ancient Rome,
the annual Festival of Attis and Cybele began with a procession of reed-bearers to commemorate the finding of the infant Attis
among the reeds. The festival was followed by nine consecutive days of fasting and sexual abstinence.
On this date in the year 1893, Eileen
J. Garrett (a gifted medium, psychic, and founder of the Parapsychology Foundation) was born in Ireland.
At a young age, she began experiencing visions of the dead. She was granted United States
citizenship in 1947 and she founded her own publishing house (Creative Age Press) and magazine (Tomorrow, a journal of paranormal
phenomena). She established the Parapsychology Foundation in 1951, and wrote numerous books under the pen name of Jean Lyttle.
She died in France on September
In ancient times, the Pagan fertility-goddess
known as Sheela-na-gig was honored annually on this date in Ireland.
With the advent of Christianity, the identity of the goddess was altered from heathen deity with oversized genitalia to the
consort or mother of Saint Patrick.
On this day in the year 1877, psychic
and "absent-healer" Edgar Cayce (also known as the Sleeping Prophet) was born in Hopkinsville,
Kentucky. He was renowned for his psychic visions and miraculous ability to accurately
diagnose illnesses and prescribe remedies while in a self-induced trance. He prophesied the Second coming of Christ in the
year 1998, followed by cataclysmic changes of the planet.
The Akitu, an annual Babylonian New
Year festival celebrating the marriage of Heaven and Earth, begins on this date and lasts for ten consecutive days.
In ancient times, Greek theatrical
performances known as the Uban Dionysia began annually on this date in honor of the god Dionysus. They continued for five
consecutive days. Also, a festival called the Lesser Panathenaea was held at this time. It was dedicated to the goddess Athena.
Sitala, a goddess who reigns over
smallpox and death, is honored on this day in India as part
On this date (approximately), the
Sun enters the astrological sign of Aries. Persons born under the sign of the Ram are said to be courageous, intelligent,
impulsive, and aggressive. Aries is a fire sign and is ruled by the planet Mars.
On the first day of Spring (which
normally occurs on or near this date) the Spring, or Vernal, Equinox is celebrated by Wiccans and Witches throughout the world.
Spring Equinox (which is also known as Festival of the Trees, Alban Eilir, Ostara, and the Rite of Eostre) is a fertility
rite celebrating the birth of Spring and the reawakening of life from the Earth. On this sacred day, Witches light new fires
at sunrise, rejoice, ring bells, and decorate hard-boiled eggs--an ancient Pagan custom associated with the Goddess of Fertility.
The aspects of the Goddess invoked at this Sabbat are Eostre (the Saxon goddess of fertility) and Ostara (the German goddess
of fertility); in some Wiccan traditions, the Green Goddess and the Lord of the Greenwood
are worshipped on this day. Like most of the old Pagan festivals, Spring Equinox was Christianized by the Church into the
religious holiday of Easter, which celebrates the resurrection of Jesus Christ.
On this date in ancient Rome, uprooted
pine trees were curried through the streets of the city by the devotees of the cult of Attis and taken to his sacred temple
as part of an annual ritual (Procession of the Tree-Bearers) to mourn the god's demise.
Dance of the Salii. On this date
in ancient Rome, the gods Mars and Saturn were invoked each year by dancing priests
brandishing spears and clashing holy shields. The evil spirits of Winter were thus expelled from the city, and the growth
of crops and gardens was stimulated through sympathetic magick.
In the Polish countryside, an old
Pagan festival of Spring called the Marzenna is celebrated annually on this date with singing, dancing, and the "sacrifices"
of straw effigies.
Day of Blood. In ancient Rome
this was a time of deep mourning. It was an annual religious custom on this day for people to lacerate themselves with knives
and for new priests to castrate themselves and spill their blood on the altar in the temple of the Mother-Goddess Cybele.
The Hilaria (Festival of Joy) was
celebrated annually on this date in ancient Rome. It was a joyous event which
commemorated the triumph of day over night after the Vernal Equinox. The festivities were brought to a close with a "ceremony
of washing" which was believed to promote fertility.
Solitude Day. This is a time for
Wiccans and Neo-Pagans to spend the day (or at least part of it) by themselves, meditate in solitude, and reconnect with their
"inner-selves." Take a quiet walk in the woods or stroll down a deserted beach and listen to the music of the sea. Explore
an old barn or write a Goddess-inspired poem.
In ancient Rome,
the fertility and wine-god Liber Pater was honored annually on this date (and sometimes on the seventeenth of March). His
festival, the Liberalia, was a time of feasting and drinking, and a day when young males entered into their manhood.
Gauri, the goddess of marriage and
abundance, is honored on this date in India with an annual
women's festival and swinging ritual.
The Eka Dasa Rudra (an eleven-week-long
Balinese festival consisting of thirty ceremonies) is held on this date approximately once every one hundred years to restore
the balance between the forces of good and evil. The festival, which is ancient in origin, reaches a climax when thousands
of pilgrims gather at the volcano temple to observe animal sacrifices made to happease the god Rudra.
the birthday of the goddess Kwan Yin is celebrated annually on this date.
The annual Festival of Ishtar is
celebrated by many Wiccans on this day in honor of the Assyrian and Babylonian goddess of love, fertility, and battle.
As a Triple Goddess, Ishtar represents
birth, death, and rebirth.
On this day, an annual masquerade
ritual is held by the Bobo people of Africa to restore the balance of Nature and to ward off evil spirits.
Special prayers and offerings are made to the gods of rain and the gods of the harvest.
On this date in ancient Rome,
the annual Feast of Luna was celebrated at moonrise in honor of the beautiful and powerful goddess of the Moon and lunar magick.
On this date in the year 1848, the
famous Fox Sisters supposedly made communication with the spirit world at Hydesville Cottage in upstate New
York. Their famous seances gave birth to the popular spiritualist movement, which was all the rage
in the United States and England
from the mid-1880's to the early twentieth century.
April, the fourth month of the current
Gregorian calendar and the second month of Spring's rule, derives its name from Aprillis, the Latin
name for the ancient Roman love goddess Aphrodite. Other reference sources give aperite, the Latin word meaning "to open,"
as the origination of the month's name.
The traditional birthstone amulet of April
is the diamond, and the daisy and the sweet pea are the month's traditional flowers.
April is shared by the astrological
signs of Aries the Ram and Taurus the Bull, and is sacred to the following Pagan deities:
Aphrodite, Artemis, Astarte, Erzulie,
Terra, Venus, and Ying-Hua.
The month of Venus begins with April
Fool's Day (also known as All Fools' Day), an occasion for playing practical jokes on friends, family, and coworkers. This
custom dates back to olden times, when inmates of insane asylums were allowed out in the streets for one day each year for
the sadistic amusement of those who were (supposedly) normal.
The old Pagan custom of "carrying death
away" is carried out in certain regions of Germany on this
day. In celebration of Winter's demise, special straw dolls are burned in sacred bonfires or "drowned" in sacred wells.
on the thirteenth day of their New Year, special bowls containing sprouted seeds are traditionally cast into the rivers as
offerings in the belief that the bad luck of the previous year will be carried away.
The goddess Persephone's annual return
from the Underworld, allowing the Earth to bloom again, was celebrated every year on this date by the ancient Romans.
The annual festival of Cybele, the Megalesia,
was celebrated on this date in ancient Rome. She was a goddess of fertility whose cult originated in Phrygia. Her male attendants were self-castrated priests and worship of her
Festival of Kuan Yin. Every year
on this day, Kuan Yin (the powerful Chinese goddess of healing, mercy, compassion, and forgiveness) is invoked for protection,
love, mercy, and wisdom. Offerings of incense and violet-colored candles are placed on her altar, along with rolled-up pieces
of rice paper upon which various wishes have been written.
a children's springtime festival takes place on this day. Miniature pine boats, each holding a burning candle, are cast into
the estuaries of the MoselleRiver to
symbolize the "sea of life" and the happiness of sailing its sacred waves.
The Blajini (or "kindly ones") are
celebrated annually on this day in various parts of Rumania.
This is a sacred day in which offerings are made to the beneficial spirits of the water and the Underworld.
On this date in 1994, a group of
Pagans carrying placards, banners, balloons, and streamers paraded joyously in Gainesville,
Florida. They praised the Mother Goddess and invited all to celebrate the beauty of life.
The focus of this Freedom of Religion Parade (sponsored by the Alachua Pagan Alliance) was to highlight the religious diversity
of the community and to help foster tolerance.
Feast of A-Ma. Once a year on this
day, the ancient goddess A-Ma is honored with a religious festival in the Portuguese territory
of Macao. A-Ma is the patroness of fisherman and all those who sail the sea.
This day is sacred to all Amazon
the Hocktide Festival takes place on this date each year to celebrate the triumph of the Saxon she-warriors who battled against
Danish invaders in the year A.D. 1002.
The Cerealia, an annual festival
of the goddess Ceres, was celebrated by the ancient Romans in order to secure the fertility of the crops. The sacred rites
of Ceres began on this date and were observed for eight consecutive days.
the goddess who presides over birth (Chu-Si-Niu) is honored annually on this day with a religious festival. Pregnant women go to temples dedicated to her in order to receive blessings for their unborn children.
On this day, an annual festival of
water is celebrated by Buddhists in Thailand. Buddha statues
are ritually bathed and the water is thrown on the faithful to purify and "wash away" the evil spirits of the previous year.
The festival lasts for three consecutive days.
According to superstitious belief,
the fourteenth day of April is a very unlucky time for travel, especially by ship. (It was on this date in the year 1912 that
the oceanliner Titanic collided with an iceberg and sank to the bottom of the sea.) Whether the Titanic tragedy spawned the
superstition or merely served to reinforce it is unknown.
Maryamma (or Mariamne), the Hindu
goddess of the sea, is honored in India with a sacred festival
which begins annually on this day.
In ancient Rome,
the earth-goddess Tellus (or Tellus Mater) was honored annually on this day. A pregnant cow was traditionally sacrificed at her sacred festival and the unborn calf burned
in a bonfire to ensure the fertility of the crops.
Also on this day, the Festival of
the Iron Phallus (Kanamara Matsuri) is celebrated annually in Kawasaki City, Japan.
The ancient Japanese deities associated with sexuality and human reproduction give their sacred blessings and encouragement;
especially to couples who wed late in life or to men who suffer from declining potency.
Every year on this day, the god Apollo
was worshipped and supplicated by his faithful cult in ancient Greece.
An annual festival called the Hiketeria was celebrated in his honor.
On this date in the year 1946, Pagan
author Margot Adler was born in Little Rock, Arkansas.
Her Wiccan handfasting on June 19, 1988 was the first Neo-Pagan Wedding
to appear in the New York Times' society pages.
In the Himalayan kingdom
of Nepal, an annual religious event called the Chariot Festival of the Rain God
begins on this day. It is dedicated to Machendrana, the ancient and powerful Indian god of rain. The festival is celebrated
for approximately eight consecutive weeks.
On this date in the year 1824, Lord
Byron (whose real name was George Gordon) died of a fever. The English poet, who was known for dabbling in the occult arts,
helped shape Mary Shelley's Frankenstein and gave John Polidori the idea for this novel The Vampyre. Lord Byron's heart was
removed from his corpse and buried in Greece; the rest of
his remains were shipped back to England.
On this date (approximately) the
Sun enters the astrological sign of Taurus. Persons born under the sign of the Bull are said to be stable, reliable, patient,
and often stubborn. Taurus is an earth sign and is ruled by the planet Venus.
Birthday of Rome.
On this day, an annual festival called the Palilia (Feast of Pales) was celebrated in ancient Rome
to honor the pastoral goddess Pales. In the country, special purification rites were performed to keep the sheep disease-free.
Shepherds, followed by their flock, would traditionally leap through bonfires. In the city of Rome,
the festival was celebrated with wine and merriment.
Earth Day. This is a day dedicated
to Mother Earth and a time for Witches throughout the world to perform Gaia-healing rituals. The first Earth Day took place
in 1970 as a result of the Ecology Movement of that time, and since then it has been held each year to help encourage recycling
programs and the use of solar energy, and to increase community awareness of important environmental issues.
The Vinalia, a joyous wine festival
in honor of the god Jupiter, was held annually on this date in ancient Rome.
On this date in the year 1934, actress
Shirley MacLaine was born. Her bestselling spirituality books have had a major influence on the Neo-Pagan movement and have
made her name synonymous with the New Age.
On this date in the year 1976, the
first national all-women conference on women's spirituality was held in a rented church in Boston,
Massachusetts. Several hundred women attended the event. They proclaimed "The Goddess is
alive; magick is afoot!" and invoked Her by dancing, clapping, and chanting. The conference lasted for three consecutive days.
Saint Mark's Eve. According to folklore
of the English countryside, the ghosts of all men, women, and children destined to pass away in the next year can be seen
floating by on this night by any person brave enough to spend the night awake on the front porch of a church. However, if
a person was unfortunate enough to fall asleep during the vigil or if he failed to repeat it annually for the remainder of
his life, he would never wake up the next morning.
On this date in the year 1989, USA
Today reported that Patricia Hutchins, a military Wiccan stationed at an air force base in Texas,
was granted religious leave by the United States Military in order to observe the eight Sabbats of the Wicca religion. Ms.
Hutchins was the first Wiccan in history to have her religious holidays granted by the U.S. Air Force.
A mythical half-man, half-animal
being called Tyi Wara is honored annually on this date with songs and dance by farmers in the African republic of Mali. It
is believed among the Bambara tribe of that region that Tyi Wara was sent down to Earth by the gods of nature in order to
teach human beings the necessary skills of farming.
In ancient Rome,
the beautiful goddess Flora was honored annually on this date. She was a fertility and vegetation goddess of Springtime and
flowering plants. Her three-day festival, the Floralia, marked the beginning of the growing season.
Pagan Tree Day. On this day, plant
a tree dedicated to your favorite Pagan goddess or god. For instance: plant a myrtle tree in honor of Venus and Aphrodite;
and oak for Demeter, Diana, and Hera; a pine for Attis, Cybele, and Pan; a rowan tree for all moon-goddesses; a sycamore for
all Egyptian gods and goddesses; a willow for Artemis, Brigid, and Persephone; a yew for Hecate and Saturn; etc.
Walpurgisnacht begins at sunrise on this date and ends at sunrise on the first day of May (May Day). Birch boughs are placed
on all doors and windows to protect the home from evil spirits and sorcery. Traditional bonfires and torches of rosemary and
juniper are lit, and according to legend, Witches can be seen riding across the sky on broomsticks on this dark and magickal
On this date in the year 1988, the
English Witch Alexander Sanders (also known as King of the Witches) died of lung cancer. He was gifted with psychic powers,
and was the founder of the Alexandrian tradition of Wicca.
May, the fifth month of the current
Gregorian calendar and the third month of Spring's rule, derives its name from the Roman Springtime goddess Maia, whose divine
powers encouraged the growth of crops.
The traditional birthstone amulets
of May are the emerald and the agate; and the hawthorne and lily are the month's
May is shared by the astrological signs
of Taurus the Bull and Gemini the Twins, and is sacred to the following Pagan deities: Artemis, Diana, Faunus, Flora, Pan, and all gods
and goddesses who preside over fertility.
During the month of May, the Great
Solar Wheel of the Year is turned to Beltane, one of the four Grand Sabbats celebrated each year by Wiccans and modern Witches
throughout the world.
The Beltane Sabbat is celebrated
by Wiccans and Witches throughout the world annually on this date. Beltane (which is also known as May Day, Rood Day, Rudemas,
and Walpurgisnacht) is derived from an ancient Druid fire festival celebrating the union of the Goddess and the Horned God.
It also celebrates the rebirth of the Sun, marking the "death" of Winter and the "birth" of Spring. At dawn, morning dew is
gathered from grass and wildflowers to be used in mystical potions for good luck. Throughout the day, Nature is celebrated
by feasts, games, poetry readings, and clockwise dancing around a brightly decorated Maypole.
In ancient Rome, the deity worshipped on this day was the Spring goddess Maia, whose divine powers
encouraged the crops to grow. The month of May is named after her.
On this date in the year 1776, the
Order of the Illuminati (an occult sect and secret order dedicated to the study of forbidden books, Tantric mysticism, and
ceremonial magick) was founded in Bavaria by Adam Weishaupt.
In ancient Rome,
an annual women's festival in honor of the earth goddess Bona Dea took place on this date. Sacrifices of sows were made to
her in order to promote fertility in women, and the unveiling of sacred objects for only women's eyes to see was included
in the celebration of her rites.
Fairy Day. According to Irish folklore,
it is on this day that the mischievous fairy folk emerge from their hiding places. To prevent human children from being stolen
by the fairies and replaced by grotesque changelings, an offering of tea and bread must be left on the doorstep for the little
people. For protection against fairies while traveling (especially through heavily wooded areas or open fields), wear your coat inside
out. This is said to cause them such great confusion that they are unable to cause any trouble.
On this date in the year 2000, according
to a group called the Lemurian Fellowship, the legendary lost continent of Mu will rise up from the Pacific Ocean.
In various parts of Mexico
and Central America, centuries-old rain ceremonies are performed every year on this day by shamanic
priests and priestesses of the Old Faith. The ancient goddesses who preside over rain and fertility are honored and invoked
with prayers and offerings.
On this day in the year 1938, the Long
Island Church of Aphrodite was established in West Hempsted, New York, by the Reverend Gleb Botkin, a Russian author and son the court physician to the
last Czar of Russia.
On this date (approximately), a festival
called the Thargelia was celebrated by the ancient Greeks and Ionians in honor of Apollo, the god of the sun, prophecy, music,
medicine, and poetry. The festival was held once a year on the sacred island of
Delos, the traditional birthplace of Apollo as well as the goddess Artemis.
England, the annual Furry Dance is performed in the streets of Helston on this day in honor of the old Celtic Horned God in the guise of Robin
Hood. The festival, which features street dancing and a daylong procession throughout the town for good fortune, is one of
the oldest surviving Springtime ceremonies in the world.
Theosophists commemorate the death
of Madame Helena Petrovna Blavatsky on this day, which they call White Lotus Day.
An annual rite called the Lemuria
was performed on this date in ancient Roman times to appease the restless spirits of the dead (Lemures), who materialized
on this day to haunt the homes where they had once lived. The Lemuria was also held on the eleventh and thirteenth of May.
As part of the rite, black beans (symbolic of the Underworld) were tossed as offerings to the ghosts and a powerful prayer
was recited nine times.
The sacred marriage of the god Shiva
to the goddess Meenakshi is celebrated annually on this date by faithful followers in Madurai,
India. Sacred hymns are sung and offerings of incense and white flower
petals are made at all temples dedicated to Shiva.
Tin Hau, the Chinese goddess of the North
Star, is honored annually on this day with a festival in Hong Kong.
On this date in the year 1659, the
Puritans of the Massachusetts Bay Colony banned all celebrations of Christmas in the New World after
declaring the event to be a Pagan festival of superstition and "a great dishonnor [sic] of God."
Christmas festivities had been banned by the Puritans seven years earlier. It wasn't until the year 1660 when Charles II was
restored to the throne that the law banning the celebration of Christmas was repealed.
On this date in the year 1917, the
Goddess in the guise of the Virgin Mary appeared to three peasant children in Fatima, Portugal.
The event, which was the first of six divine appearances from May 11 to October 13, drew worldwide attention.
The Festival of the Midnight Sun is celebrated
annually on this date by Pagans in far northern Norway. The
festival, which pays homage to the ancient Norse goddess of the sun, begins at sunrise and marks the beginning of ten consecutive
weeks without the darkness of night.
In the Philippines,
a Neo-Pagan fertility ritual is celebrated every year on this date by married couples who wish to have children. The rites
(dedicated to Santa Clara) continue until the nineteenth of May.
The Feast of Twins. On this day,
festivals honoring twins are held annually in the African republic of Nigeria.
It is widely believed among the Yoruba people that all twins are born with abundant magickal and supernatural powers.
On this day in the year 1780, a strange
and unexplained darkness draped most of New England, turning daytime into night. Many folks believed
that a Salem Witch's curse was responsible for the day of darkness, since no other explanation for the phenomenon has ever
On this date, a sacred festival called
the Plynteria was celebrated annually in ancient Greece. The
festival was held in honor of Athena, the goddess of wisdom and battle, and the patroness of the city of Athens
(which was named after her), and included the ritual sea cleansing of her statue, followed by prayers in the Parthenon and
On this date in the year 1911, Peter
Hurkos was born in the Netherlands. He developed astonishing
psychic powers after recovering from a coma, and became world-famous for solving crimes through the divinatory art of psychometry.
He passed away in Los Angeles on May
On this date in the year 1946, Gwydion
Pendderwen was born in Berkeley, California. He was a Celtic
bard, a cofounder of the Faery Tradition of Witchcraft, and the founder of a Neo-Pagan networking organization called Nemeton.
He died in the Autumn of 1982 as a result of a tragic automobile accident.
On this date (approximately), the
Sun enters the astrological sign of Gemini. Persons born under the sign of the Twins are said to be communicative, curious,
charming, and often nervous and fickle. Gemini is an air sign and is ruled by the planet Mercury.
On this day, an annual harvest ritual
called Sacred Furrow Day was held in Cambodia. As part of
the rite, the farmland would be plowed by members of the royal family in order to appease the ancient gods of the harvest
and to ensure the fertility of the land.
The birth of the Greek moon-goddess
Artemis (who also presides over hunting and wild beasts) has been celebrated each year on this day since ancient times. As
a lunar goddess, she has been an influential archetype for many Witches and worshipers of the contemporary Goddess religion.
Artemis is equivalent to the Roman moon-goddess Diana and is identified with Luna, Hecate, and Selene.
(especially France), this day is sacred to Saint Sarah of
the Gypsies and also to an ancient Triple Goddess who rose from the waters of the ocean.
In ancient Greece,
the birthday of Apollo, the twin brother of the goddess Artemis, was celebrated annually on this date.
On this date in the year 1581, famed
occultists and alchemist John Dee first realized his natural gift for looking into the future through the art of crystal-gazing.
He served for years as the royal astrologer of Queen Elizabeth and had a reputation as a powerful wizard.
Sacred Well Day. On this day, it
is traditional for Pagans and Witches (especially in Ireland
and Great Britain) to decorate sacred wells with wreaths and
to toss offerings of flowers into the water in honor of the deities and spirits of the well. This custom dates back to the
ancient Romans, who celebrated an annual well festival called the Fortinalia, which took place on this day.
On this day, the Secular Centennial
Games were observed in ancient Rome. The goddesses Diana, Prosperina, and the
Three Fates were honored in nighttime healing ceremonies.
On this date in the year 1948, Morning
Glory Zell was born in Long Beach, California. She is a
priestess and vice-president of the Church of All Worlds,
and is a practitioner of Celtic Pagan Shamanism.
A sacred rite called the Pythian
Games was enacted every four years on this date in ancient Greece.
The rite honored the slain serpent-goddess Python, and was celebrated in Delphi, the most venerated
shrine in all of Greece.
On this day in ancient times, the
god Mars was honored by the farmers of Rome with feasts, prayers, animal sacrifices, and annual rites of purification. The
Ambarvalia festival was also celebrated on this day in honor of Ceres, Juno, the Lares, and the Family Goddesses.
On this date in the year 1431, French
heroine and military leader Joan of Arc was burned alive at the stake as punishment for committing the crimes of Witchcraft,
hersy, and "being given to the forbidden arts of magick and divination."
On this day, the annual Triple Blessing
of the God Buddha is observed by Theravada Buddhists. To celebrate the god's birth, enlightenment, and passage into nirvana,
shrines and houses are decorated with flowers and special prayer flags. Offerings of flowers, incense, and rice are also made.
The Triple Blessing often lasts for three consecutive days.
June, the sixth month of the current
Gregorian calendar and the first month of Summer, derives its name from the ancient Roman goddess Juno.
The traditional birthstone amulets
of June are alexandrite, moonstone, and pearl; and the rose is the month's traditional flower.
June is shared by the astrological
signs of Gemini the Twins and Cancer the Crab, and is sacred to the following Pagan deities: Juno, and all gods and goddesses
who preside over love, passion, and beauty.
During the month of June, the Great
Solar Wheel of the Year is turned to the Summer Solstice, one of the four Lesser Sabbats celebrated each year by Wiccans and
modern Witches throughout the world.
Festival of the Oak Nymph. This Pagan celebration
honors all hamadryads (female nature spirits who are believed to inhabit oak trees). Decorate a Pagan altar with acorns and
war some oak leaves in your hair. Kiss an oak tree or place a small offering of some kind before it, and the tree
nymphs who dwell within it will surely bestow a blessing upon you.
Shapatu of Ishtar. A Pagan festival
dedicated to the goddess Ishtar is celebrated every year on this date. She is the ancient Assyrian and Babylonian deity who
presides over love and fertility as well as war. The birth of the god Apollo is also celebrated on this date.
The Festival of Cataclysmos is celebrated
annually on this date on the Mediterranean island of Cyprus.
The seaside ritual consists of prayers for the souls of the departed, traditional water games, and a sacred dance.
In Japan, a Buddhist ritual for young girls is performed annually on this date, and is dedicated
to the goddesses Befana, Bona Dea, Kuan Yin, Rumina, and Surabhi.
Whitsunday, an annual Christian festival
marking the descent of the Holy Ghost upon the disciples, is celebrated on the seventh Sunday after Easter (which normally
falls on or near this date). However, like most Christian holidays, Whitsunday was at one time a Pagan fertility festival.
It was celebrated in Europe with a "heathen feast" that marked the death of the spirit of Winter and
the birth of the spirit of Summer.
According to English folklore, if
a baby comes into the world on Whitsunday, he or she is destined to commit an act of murder or to be murdered.
On this date in the year 8498 B.C.,
the legendary island-continent of Atlantis sank beneath the waves of the Atlantic Ocean in a cataclysm
believed to have been brought on by the anger of the great god Zeus.
To ensure an abundant harvest, a sacred
Corn Dance is held each year at this time at San Ildefonso pueblo in the southwestern United States. It is dedicated to the Earth Mothers and the nature spirits known
On this date (approximately), an
annual festival to honor ancestral spirits begins in Nigeria.
The festival, which lasts for one week, consists of street dancing, offerings of food and gifts to the Egungun, and ecstatic
an ancient country in the southeastern part of the Balkan Peninsula, a festival called the Bendidia
was held each year on this date. It was dedicated to the lunar goddess Bendi.
The Vestalia, an annual festival in honor
of the hearth goddess Vesta, began on this date in ancient Rome. During the eight-day long festival, the shrine of Vesta was opened to married women. After the festival was over, the shrine was once again forbidden to all except
the goddess' attendant vestal virgins.
In many Japanese villages, an ancient rice
festival is held annually on this date. Women wearing traditional kimonos recite prayers and light rice-straw fires to honor
the god of the rice and to bless the crops.
the Grain in Ear festival is celebrated at this time. The grain gods are honored with old rituals to ensure a harvest of plenty.
On this date in 1892, Grace Cook
(a popular spiritualist medium and founder of the White Eagle Lodge) was born in London, England. Her first psychic vision of Indian Chief White Eagle and other Native American
spirits occurred early in her childhood. With the aid of her spirit guide, she authored many books on healing and spiritual
growth. She believed that after her death (which occurred on September 3, 1979),
her spirit would be reincarnated in Egypt.
On this date in the year 1692, a woman
named Bridget Bishop was hanged on Gallows Hill in Salem, Massachusetts, after being found guilty of the crime of Witchcraft. She was the first person
to be publicly executed in the infamous Salem Witch Trials.
On this date in 1912, spiritualist-medium
Ruth Montgomery was born in Princeton, Indiana. Her interest
in the world of the occult began in 1956, when she first began attending seances. She has written numerous bestselling occult
books and is famous for her gift of communicating with spirit guides
On this date in the year 1884, Gerald
Gardner was born in Lancashire, England.
Nicknamed King of the Witches, he went on to become a famous and well-respected Wiccan author and the founder of the Gardnerian
tradition of the modern Wicca religion. He died on February 12, 1964.
Irish poet and ceremonial magician
William Butler Yeats was also born on this date in the year 1865.
On this date in the year 1648, Margaret
Jones of Charlestown, Massachusetts, was executed in Boston
for practicing Witchcraft and magickal healing. This was the first pre-Salem Witch execution to be officially recorded in
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
Silver Chalice Day. Every year on
this date, Wiccan friends and coven members gather together in a circle to rejoice and share a traditional silver chalice
of wine (or fruit juice) consecrated in the names of the Goddess and Her consort, the Horned God. Many Pagan handfastings
and Wiccanings are performed by coven priestesses around this time of the month.
On this date in the year 1881, famous
Voodoo Queen Marie Laveau died in her home in New Orleans, Louisiana.
An annual purification ritual to
drive away the evil spirits of the rainy season takes place on this date in Nara, Japan.
Lily stalks are blessed by seven white-robed priestesses, and a traditional dance is performed.
Also on this date, Eurydice (a tree
nymph who was transformed into an Underworld goddess after dying from a serpent bite) was honored annually in ancient Greece.
The annual Dragon Boat-Festival (which
at one time was a Pagan summer solstice ritual to appease the dragon gods of the rivers) is celebrated on this date in China
in honor of the martyred poet, Qu Yuan.
In ancient Rome,
the goddess Anna was honored on this day with an annual religious festival.
On this day, Pagans in parts of England
celebrate the Day of Cerridwen in honor of the ancient Celtic goddess of fertility. Vervain (the herb most sacred to Cerridwen)
is burned in small cauldron pots as an offering to the goddess, green ribbons are tied to trees, and green candles are lit
on altars dedicated to her.
On the first day of Summer (which
normally occurs on or near this date), the Summer Solstice Sabbat is celebrated by Wiccans and Witches throughout the world.
Summer Solstice (which is also known as Midsummer, Alban hefin, and Litha) marks the longest day of the year when the Sun
is at its zenith. In certain Wiccan traditions, the Summer Solstice symbolizes the end of the reign of the waxing year's Oak-King,
who is now replaced by his successor, the Holly-King of the waning year. (The Holly-King will rule until the Winter Solstice.)
It is the ideal time for divinations, healing rituals, and the cutting of divining rods and wands.
On Midsummer Day, the people of ancient
Russia worshiped the fertility goddess Kupala. To ensure female
fertility and abundant crops, she was honored with bonfires, sacrifices of cockarels, and special wreaths that were cast into
On this date (approximately), the
Sun enters the astrological sign of Cancer. Persons born under the sign of the Crab are said to be family and home-oriented,
nurturing, sympathetic, and often very moody. Cancer is a water sign and is ruled by the Moon.
In parts of Ireland
and Great Britain, Pagans celebrate an annual festival on
this date called the Day of Cu Chulainn. It is dedicated to the legendary Irish folk hero of the same name and to the ancient
Pagan fertility god known as the Green Man.
Saint John's Eve. This night is a
traditional time for Witches to gather herbs for spells and love potions, for it is believed that the magickal properties
of plants are at their peak on this mystical night.
On this date, an ancient Egyptian
festival known as The Burning of the Lamps is celebrated in Sais,
a city on the Nile
In pre-Christian times, the festival
of Fors Fortuna was celebrated annually on this date in the city of Rome to honor
and receive favorable blessings from the goddess Fortuana.
A sun-god festival called Inti Raymi
was celebrated annually on this date by the ancient Incas of Peru. Llamas were ritually slaughtered and their entrails were
used by priests for divining the future.
On this date in the year 1950, Reformed
Alexandrian Witch and author Janet Farrar
Gay Wiccan Pride Day. This is a time
for gay and lesbian Wiccans from around the world to unite and celebrate life, love, and the Goddess. Come out of the proverbial
"broom closet" and be proud of who you are!
A centuries-old women's festival
is held in India every year on this date in honor of the goddess
According to ancient Icelandic legend,
every year at on the date, the tip of the shadow of MountScartaris points to the secret entrance of "Centre Earth", in which dwell giant
humanlike creatures and prehistoric monsters.
Salavi, the Spruce Tree Rain God,
is honored annually on this day by a Native American corn-ripening ceremony. This day is also sacred to the Corn Mothers and
On this date in Appleton,
England, the boughs of a large and very old hawthorn tree are decorated
with flowers, flags, and ribbons as part of a centuries-old Pagan tree-worship ritual known as Bawming the Thorn.
This is a sacred day to Papa Legba,
a powerful loa in the Voodoo religion. Originally a Dahomean sun god, Papa Legba is worshipped as the spirit-master of pathways
and crossroads, and is the most important deity of the Vodoun pantheon.
The month of July opens in Nepal
with the Naga Panchami festival, which is devoted to the Snake-Gods called Nagas. Sacred snake images are displayed on religious
altars, offerings are made at snake holes, and parades featuring live serpents fill the main streets of many villages.
this day is sacred to Fuji, the ancient Japanese goddess of fire. Fuji
is also regarded as the grandmother of Japan, and on this
special day (which also marks the start of Mount Fuji Climbing Season) she is honored with prayers and burnt offerings.
On this day in ancient times, the citizens
of Rome celebrated the Feast of Expectant Mothers. At temples throughout the city,
all pregnant women gathered to receive blessings and honor Bona Dea, Carmenta, Lucina, and other goddesses
associated with birth and fertility.
The New Year of the Seminole Indian
tribe of Florida begins on this date, and is celebrated with an annual Green
Corn Dance honoring the new corn crop. In Italy, this day
is sacred to the Witch of Gaeta; in Greece, the goddess Athena
U.S.Independence Day. On this day, the anniversary of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence
in 1776, the official "birth" of the United States is celebrated
by Pagans and non-Pagans alike. On this day, many patriotic American Wiccans honor and give thanks to Lady Liberty, and perform
magickal spells and rituals for the benefit of the country.
Day of Pax. On this day in ancient
times, Pax (a Roman goddess of peace and harmony, identified with the Greek goddess Concordia) was honored with feasting and
Also on this day, the spirits of
the mountains are honored by the Mescalero Apache Gahan Ceremonial, while the Great God who dwells within the fire of the
Sun is paid homage to by the Ute Indian tribe of Utah and Colorado,
who perform an annual Sun Dance.
This is a day sacred to all horned goddesses
of the ancient Pagan religions: the Deer Mothers, Europa, Hathor, Hera, Io, Ishtar, Isis, Juno, Luna, Nephthys,
Pasiphae, Selene, and so forth.
the annual Running of the Bulls takes place on this day. The bull symbolizes fertility and the male procreative power and is a sacred animal to Apis, Baal, Bacchus, Dionysos
Zagreus, Dumuzi, Enki, Freya, Menwer, the Minotaur, Moloch, Sin, Thor and Yama.
Portugal, there is an annual parade in which girls balance flower-covered
pillars of bread on their heads. This parade is believed to ward off the spirits of illness for the remainder of the year.
In ancient Greece,
a six-day festival called the Panathenaea began on this day every four years. It was held in honor of the goddess Athena.
On this day, Pagans around the world
celebrate the divine birthdays of the wine- and fertility-god Dionysus and the Greek goddess Rhea.
On this date in the year 1992, Herman
Slater (Wiccan High Priest, well-known occult author, and proprietor of the Magickal Childe bookstore and Witchcraft supply
shop in New York City) lost his battle against AIDS. His death was a great loss
to the magickal community.
On this day, the birth of the vegetation-
and fertility-god Osiris is celebrated by many Wiccans of the Egyptian tradition. The annual death and rebirth of Osiris personifies
the self-renewing vitality and fertility of nature.
In the country of Japan,
the annual Bon festival is celebrated on this date in honor of ancestral spirits.
On this date in the year 1527, John
Dee was born in London, England. He was
renowned as an alchemist and was skilled in the arts of wizardry. For many years he served as the royal astrologer of Queen
Elizabeth I. He died in poverty in the year 1608.
On this day, the birth of the Egyptian
falcon-headed god Horus is celebrated by many Wiccans of the Egyptian tradition. Light a royal-blue altar candle and burn
some frankincense and myrrh as a fragrant offering to him.
On this day in the year 1988, a series
of mysterious crop circles began to appear in a wheat field near Silbury Hill in southwestern England.
On this day, thousands of Haitians
begin an annual pilgrimage to the Saut d' Eau waterfall, which is scared to Erzulie Freda (the Voodoo loa of love and beauty)
and is believed to possess miraculous healing powers
On this day, the birth of the Egyptian
goddess Isis is celebrated by many Wiccans of the Egyptian tradition. Isis is an ancient Mother-goddess
of fertility and a Neo-Pagan deity associated with magick and enchantment.
On this date in the year 1692, Rebecca
Nurse, Sarah Good, and Susanna Martin were hanged on Salem's Gallows Hill as punishment
for the crime of Witchcraft.
On this date in the year 1930, the
first sighting of the famous monster of Loch Ness was officially recorded in Scotland.
Old Nessie (as the monster has been affectionately nicknamed) has since been witnessed by thousands of people and continues
to attract countless numbers of tourists with cameras to Loch Ness each year.
The festival of Neptunalia was celebrated
annually on this date in ancient Rome to honor Neptune, the lord of the sea. In
Italy, many modern Witches honor Neptune on this day by lighting a blue candle, inscribed with his trident symbol and anointed
with seawater, and placing it on an altar along with various objects from the sea (such as seashells, pieces of driftwood,
and so forth).
On this date (approximately) the
Sun enters the astrological sign of Leo. Persons born under the sign of the Lion are said to be generous, romantic, proud,
and often egotistical. Leo is a fire sign and is ruled by the Sun.
Japan, a thousand-year-old festival of paper dolls is celebrated annually
on this date. The handmade dolls are traditionally rubbed on the bodies of the faithful to absorb illnesses, negativity, and
evil spirits. The dolls are then taken to a bridge and dropped into the waters of the river below.
The Kachina ceremony is celebrated
annually on this date by the Native American tribe of the Hopi in Arizona. The
kachinas (ancient spirits that are believed to guide and protect the Hopi people) are honored with religious ceremonies and
a cycle of dances.
On this day in Tarascon,
France, the annual festival of Tarasque takes place. The festival, celebrated
since Pagan times, commemorates the capture of a mythical fire-breathing dragon. A decorated dragon float is paraded through
the streets of the city and touched by spectators for good luck and to ward off evil.
In Nova Scotia,
this day is sacred to the Micmac Indian tribe. It is believed that all those who are wed or christened at this time will be
blessed with happiness and good health by the Great Spirits. Saint Ann (the Mother
Goddess) and Gloosca (the Father God) are honored.
In pre-Christian times, the Oidhche
Lugnasa was celebrated by the Celts on this night in honor of their solar deity named Lugh. His annual sacrifice at the end
of the harvest ensured the fertility of
the corn and grain for the next growing
An old August Eve tradition in rural
Scotland is predicting the following year's marriages and
deaths by throwing sickles into the air and then drawing omens from the position in which they fall.
On this date in the year 1831, famous
mystic and spiritualist medium Madame Helena Petrovna Blavatsky was born in the Ukraine.
August, the eighth month of the current
Gregorian calendar and the third month of Summer's rule, derives its name from Augustus (Augustus Caesar).
The traditional birthstone amulets of August
are the peridot and the sardonyx; and the gladiolus and the poppy are the month's traditional flowers.
August is shared by the astrological signs
of Leo the Lion and Virgo the Virgin, and is sacred to the following Pagan deities: Ceres, the Corn Mother, Demeter, John Barleycorn,
Lugh, and all goddesses who preside over agriculture.
During the month of August, the Great
Solar Wheel of the Year is turned to Lammas, one of the four Grand Sabbats celebrated each year by Wiccans and modern Witches
throughout the world.
On this day, the Lammas Sabbat is celebrated
by Wiccans and Witches throughout the world. Lammas (which is also known as Lughnasadh, August Eve, and the First Festival of Harvest) marks the start of the harvest season and is
a time when the fertility aspect of the sacred union of the Goddess and Horned God is honored. The making of corn dollies
(small figures fashioned from braided straw) is a centuries-old Pagan custom which is carried on by many modern Witches as
part of the Lammas Sabbat rite. The corn dollies are placed on the Sabbat altar to represent the Mother Goddess who presides
over the harvest. It is customary on each Lammas to make or buy a new corn dolly and then burn the old one from the past year
for good luck.
On this day in the country of Macedonia,
Neo-Pagans celebrate the Day of the Dryads, an annual nature festival dedicated to the maiden spirits who inhabit and rule
over forests and trees.
The harvest season begins on this date
in Japan with an annual festival called the Aomori Nebuta.
Bamboo effigies with grotesquely painted faces are paraded through the streets in order to drive away the spirits of sleep.
Each year on this date, it was believed
that the waters of Scotland's Loch-mo-Naire became charged
with miraculous magickal powers to heal all who drank it or bathed in it. For many years it was a custom for those who visited
Loch-mo-Naire to toss in a coin of silver as an offering to the benevolent spirits that dwelled within the lake.
Many folks still believe in this
ancient superstition: if you make a secret wish wile looking up at the new moon (which normally begins on or near this date
in August), your wish will be granted before the year is through.
On this date in the year 1817, a
huge creature described as a sea-serpent was spotted in the ocean near Gloucester
harbor in Massachusetts. Coincidentally, on this same date in the year 1948,
a similar creature was seen by the crew of the British naval frigate Daedalus.
This day is sacred to the Cherokee
Earth-Goddess Elihino and her sister Igaehindvo, the sacred goddess of the Sun.
In ancient Egypt,
the cow-headed goddess Hathor was honored on this day by an annual festival known as Breaking the Nile.
The festival, which was also dedicated to all water and river goddesses, celebrated the rising of the fertile waters of the
mystical River Nile.
In ancient Greece,
the annual mourning ceremony called the Adonia was held on this date in honor of the dying hero-god Adonis.
According to the Christian Church
calendar, the Virgin Mary was born on this day.
The Eve of the Festival of Venus was celebrated
annually on this date by the ancient Romans. On this night, the goddess of love and beauty was honored and invoked with prayers,
love songs, libations, and passionate lovemaking. It was also a time when sorceresses performed
all forms of love magick and marriage-mate divinations.
A centuries-old festival called Ghanta
Karna Day is celebrated annually around this time of August in the Himalayan kingdom
of Nepal. The event celebrates the death of Ghanta Karna, a blood thirsty Hindu
demon who haunts crossroads and is the sworn enemy of the god Vishnu.
The goddess Isis and her search for Osiris
(her brother and consort) is commemorated on this day by the Lychnapsia (Festival of the Lights of Isis). Dried rose petals
and vervain are burned in small cauldron pots or incense burners as offerings to Isis, and green candles are lit in her honor.
On this date, the major Pagan festival
of Hecate is traditionally held at moonrise. Hecate, the mysterious goddess of darkness and protectress of all Witches, is
a personification of the Moon and the dark side of the female principle.
Every year on this date, a "burryman"
(a man wearing a costume of thistle burrs, and representing an ancient fertility god) walks through the streets in many of
the fishing villages along the coast of Scotland, collecting
donations from the villagers. The origin of the burryman remains a mystery.
Festival of Vesta. The ancient Roman
goddess of the hearth was honored annually on this date in ancient times. Many modern Witches light six red candles and cast
herbs into hearth fires on this day to honor Vesta and to receive her blessings for family and home.
On this date in the year 1987, the first
Harmonic Convergence as observed worldwide during the Grand Trine (the alignment of all nine planets in our solar system).
The event, which lasted for two consecutive days, was believed to be the beginning of five years of peace and spiritual purification.
Thousands of New Age enthusiasts gathered at various sacred sites to dance, chant, meditate, and tune into the positive energies of
the Earth and the universe.
Festival of Diana. Every year on
this date, the goddess of chastity, hunting, and the moon was honored by the ancient Romans.
This is a special day of feasting,
mirth, and magick-making for many Dianic Wiccans, since Diana is the most sacred goddess of their tradition.
On this date in the year 1950, Oglala
Sioux mystic and medicine man Nicholas Black Elk died in Manderson, South Dakota.
He was known for his great powers of prophecy and healing, and was an adherent of the Ghost Dance, a short-lived Native American
religious movement which ended in a tragic massacre at Wounded Knee, South Dakota,
On this date, the annual Festival
of Hungry Ghosts is celebrated throughout China with burnt
offerings to the spirits of the dead.
On this date in the year 1634, a
parish priest named Father Urbain Grandier was found guilty of bewitching a group of nuns at a convent in Loudun,
France, and causing them to be possessed by demons. He was condemned
to be tortured and then burned alive in the public square of Saint
On this date in the year 1612, ten women and men known as the Lancashire Witches were executed on the gallows in one of
England's most famous Witch trials of the seventeenth century.
Ironically, the nine-year-old girl who had supplied the court with incriminating evidence against the Witches was herself
found guilty of Witchcraft twenty-two years later and executed in the second great Witch trial of Lancashire.
The Consualia, a harvest festival
celebrating the storing of the new crop, was held annually on this date by the ancient Romans. Also celebrated on this date
was the muscular deity Hercules, who was honored with a sacrifice at one of his shrines in the city of Rome.
His annual festival was called the Heraclia.
On this date in the year 1623, the
Order of the Rosy Cross (a secret sect associated with alchemy and reincarnation) was established in Paris,
France. The mysterious Rosicrucian brotherhood was condemned by officials
of the Church as
worshipers of Satan.
This day is sacred to Nu Kwa, an
ancient Chinese goddess identified with the healing goddess Kuan Yin.
The Volcanalia festival was celebrated
annually on this date in ancient Rome. It was dedicated to Vulcan, the god of
volcanic eruptions, and celebrated by frying fish alive to ward off accidental fires.
Each year on this date in Athens,
the ancient Greeks celebrated a festival dedicated to Nemesis, the goddess who presided over the fate of all
On this date (approximately), the
Sun enters the astrological sign of Virgo. Persons born under the sign of the Virgin are said to be analytical, organized,
meticulous, and often prone to being perfectionists. Virgo is an earth sign and is ruled by the planet Mercury.
An annual harvest festival called
the Opiconsiva was celebrated on this date in ancient Rome in honor of the fertility
and success goddess Ops (Rhea). Later in the year, she was honored again at the Opalia festival on December 19 (the third
day of the Saturnalia).
Consus, the god of the grain-store,
was celebrated annually on this date by the ancient Romans. Sacrifices were made in his honor, and all beasts of burden were
embellished with wreaths of flowers and given a day of rest.
The Festival of Krishna is celebrated
annually on this day in the country of India. It is also a
sacred day dedicated to Devaki, the Mother-Goddess.
In the country of Norway,
a Pagan festival celebrating the harvest is held on this date each year. Ancient Norse gods and goddesses are invoked to protect
the spirit of the harvest throughout the dark half of the year.
On this date in Nigeria,
the Yoruba people celebrate the Gelede, an annual ritual of dancing and wearing of masks to drive away evil sorceresses.
In pre-Christian times, a festival
called the Pardon of the Sea was celebrated annually in Britanny. It was originally dedicated to Athes, a Pagan goddess of
the sea, and was later Christianized into the Feast of Saint Anne.
India, gruesome human sacrifices to the Indian earth-goddess Tari Pennu
were made annually on this date as late as the mid-nineteenth century. After the sacrifice, a shaman would eat a bit of the
victim's flesh, and then the rest of the remains would be dismembered, burned, and scattered over a plowed field to ensure
the fertility of future crops.
To purify the family spirits, Eyos
(masqueraders wearing demon costumes concealed by white robes) walk through the streets of Lagos
every year on this date. The Ritual Walk of the Eyos is a religious custom that dates back to ancient times.
On this date in the year 1934, Wiccan
author Raymond Buckland was born in London, England.
He founded the Seax-Wica tradition of Witchcraft, helped to introduce modern Wicca into the United
States, and opened the first AmericanMuseum
of Witchcraft and Magic.
a women's festival of purification is held each year on this day. It is called the Anant Chaturdasi, and is dedicated to the
ancient serpent-goddess Ananta, who symbolizes the female life force.
September, the ninth month of the
current Gregorian calendar and the first month of Autumn, derives its name from septem, the Latin word meaning "seven", as
September was the seventh month of the
old Roman calendar.
The traditional birthstone of amulet of
September is the blue sapphire; and the aster and the morning glory are the month's traditional flowers.
September is shared by the astrological
signs of Virgo the Virgin and Libra the Scales (or Balance), and is sacred to the following Pagan deities: Persephone, Thor, and the Wiccan Goddess in
Her aspect of the Mother.
During the month of September, the
Great Solar Wheel of the Year is turned to the Autumnal Equinox, one of the four Lesser Sabbats celebrated each year by Wiccans
and modern Witches throughout the world.
On this date in the sixth century
B.C., the Persian prophet and mystic known as Zoroaster was born. He founded the religion of Zoroastrinism, which teaches
that all of mankind is trapped in a perpetual battle between good spirits and bad spirits.
On this date in ancient Athens,
an annual Grape Vine Festival was held in honor of the Greek deities Ariadne and Dionysus. In Crete,
Ariadne was worshipped as a goddess of the Moon, and Dionysus as the son of Semele (who was also a goddess of the Moon).
At sunrise on this day, the Changing Woman Ceremony is held annually by the Native American tribe of the Apache in Arizona.
The rite, which lasts for four consecutive days, marks the coming of age of a pubescent girl, who ritually transforms into
the spirit-goddess known as Changing Woman and blesses all who are in attendance.
An ancient Inca blood festival called
the Situa was held annually on this date to ward off the evil spirits of illness and disease. As part of the ceremony, parents
would eat a special cake consecrated with the blood of their offspring.
On this date in the year 1875, the
Theosophical Society (an organization dedicated to spreading occult lore and ancient wisdom) was founded by Madame Helena
Petrova Blavatsky, Henry Steel Olcott, William Judge, and other occultists.
The Ceremony of the Deermen is held every
year at dawn on the first Monday after Wakes Sunday (which normally falls on or near this date). As part of the ceremony,
held at Abbots Bromley in Staffordshire, England,
the Deerman, wearing antlers and carrying clubs surmounted with deers' heads, escort two young men dressed as Robin Hood and Maid Marian across the village.
On this date in the year 1930, Carl
Llewellyn Weschcke (former Wiccan high priest and owner of Llewellyn Publications) was born in Saint
Paul, Minnesota. In 1972 he was initiated by Lady Sheba
into the American Celtic tradition of Witchcraft, and in 1973 he helped to organize the Council of American Witches.
On this date in the year 1902, actress
Margaret Hamilton was born in Cleveland, Ohio. She is best
known for her memorable role as the Wicked Witch of the West in the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz. She died on May 16, 1985,
in Salisbury, Connecticut.
Egyptian All Souls' Day. Every year on
this date, the ancient Egyptians celebrated a religious festival known as The Ceremony of Lighting the Fire. Sacred fires
were lit in temples in honor of the spirits of the dead and the goddess Nephthys, protectress of the dead and Queen of the
In ancient Rome,
the Feast of the Holy Cross was celebrated on this date in commemoration of a supernatural vision of a cross in the sky, as
well as a battle victory of Roman Emperor Constantine I.
On this date in the year 1692, the
Witch trial of two Pilgrim women opened in Stamford, Connecticut.
One was found not guilty; the other was convicted and sentenced to die, but was later reprieved by an investigating committee.
On this date in the year 1486, ceremonial
magician Agrippa von Nettesheim was born in Cologne, France.
He was skilled in the arts of divination, numerology, and astrology, and wrote several books that had a great influence over
Western occultism. He died in Grenoble, France
in the year 1535.
The full moon of September, known
as the Harvest Moon, normally begins on or around this date. Many believe it to possess great magickal powers, and numerous
superstitions are connected with it. Harvest Moon rituals are performed throughout the world on the first night of the full
moon by many Witches and Pagans, especially those who dwell in the country.
Feast of Saint Cornely. On this day,
villagers and farmers who live in Brittany honor Saint Cornely, the patron of
horned animals who is believed to have created the Carnac megaliths by magickally transforming enemy
soldiers into stone. At , oxen are blessed in a shrine dedicated to him.
In the town of Berkshire,
England, a centuries-old celebration known as Scouring the
White Horse begins on this date. The festival of games and athletic competition takes place on a hillside carved with the
huge figure of a galloping steed, and lasts for two consecutive days.
On this day in ancient Babylonia,
an annual festival of prayers and feasts took place in honor of Gula, the goddess of birth.
On this date in the year 1692, Giles
Corey (a Massachusetts man charged with the crime of Witchcraft) was pressed
to death by two large stones in Salem for refusing to acknowledge the Court's
right to try him.
The Spring Equinox (South of the
Equator) was celebrated approximately on this date by the ancient Incas. It was a time for honoring the Sun God, feasting,
rejoicing, animal sacrifices, and divinations. Festivals were also held on this date throughout South America
to celebrate the birthday of the god Quetzalcoatl.
Saint Matthew's Day. In many parts
of the world, this is a traditional day for performing divinations of all kinds. In Germany,
fortune-telling wreaths of straw and evergreen, made on this day by young girls, were used for love divination.
In ancient Greece,
the birth of the goddess Athena was celebrated annually on this day.
On the first day of Autumn (which
normally occurs on or near this date), the Autumn Equinox Sabbat is celebrated by Wiccans and Witches throughout the world.
Autumn Equinox (which is also known as the Fall Sabbat, Alban Elfed, and the Second Festival of Harvest) is a time for thanksgiving,
meditation, and introspection. On this sacred day, Witches rededicated themselves to the Craft, and Wiccan initiation ceremonies
are performed by the High Priestess and Priests of covens. Many Wiccan traditions also perform a special rite for the goddess
Persephone's descent into the Underworld as part of their Autumn Equinox celebration.
On this date (approximately), the
Sun enters the astrological sign of Libra. Persons born under the sign of the Scales (the Balance) are said to be artistic,
resourceful, extroverted, balanced, and often indecisive. Libra is an air sign and is ruled by the planet Venus.
On this date in ancient Greece,
a feast of beans known as the Pyanopsia was celebrated annually in honor of the great Olympian god Apollo and the three beautiful
goddesses of the four seasons known as the Horae.
The birthday of Sedna, the Eskimo
goddess of both the sea and the Underworld, is celebrated annually on this date in Greenland, northeastern
Siberia, and the Arctic coastal regions of North America.
Theseus, the great hero of Athens
who slew the Minotaur and conquered the Amazons, was honored on this date in ancient Greece
with an annual festival called the Theseia. The celebration lasted until the twenty-ninth day of September.
In ancient times, a goat sacrifice
was performed annually on this day to appease Azazel, a Hebrew fallen angel who seduced mankind. He was associated with the
Moon Festival. On this date, an annual
ceremony takes place in China to honor the Moon Hare and to
give thanks to the gods for a harvest of abundance. The rites associated with the Moon Festival are always performed by women
as the Moon represents yin, the female cosmic element.
Michaelmas. According to English
folklore, it was on this day that the Devil fell from Heaven, landed on a blackberry bush, and cursed the berries. Therefore,
it is unlucky to pick blackberries after Michaelmas. In parts of Scotland,
special Michaelmas cakes are eaten by the superstitious on this day to ward off all evil and misfortune in the coming year.