Egyptians in their religious beliefs
held the view that the Pharaoh was an incarnated God upon earth. The Egyptians believed in life after death, which is
why they created elaborate coffins, perfected embalming techniques and built wonderous final resting places. They believed
after you died, your soul would be weighed against a feather to determine your goodness. The Egyptians viewed the Gods
as aspects of the Supreme Creator.
Amaunet Other Names: Wife
of Amen. Description: Goddess of Heaven.
Amen Other Names: Amoun,
Amun, Amon, Ammon. "Hidden God"; "Great Father." Descriptoin: Phallic deity sometimes pictured with the head
of a ram and other times pictured as a man with a crown with two tall straight plumes. Rules Over: Reproduction,
fertility, generation, wind, air, prophecy, agriculture.
Ament Other Names: Amenti,
"The Westerner," "hidden goddess." Description: Goddess of the Underworld. Consort of Amen. Rules Over:
She greeted all dead people to the land of the dead with bread and water. If they ate and drank, they could not return
to the land of the living.
Ami Description: Fire God.
Rules Over: Fire.
Ami Neter Description:
A singing god. Rules Over: Winds, song.
Ami Pi Description: A lion
Amutnen Description: Goddess
of Milk Cows.
Amu Description: Dawn God.
Anhur Other Names: Anher,
Anhert. Description: Official God of the nome Abt and its capital. Rules Over: War, Sun and the sky.
Anubis Other Names: Anpu,
Sekhem Em Pet. Description: Messenger from the gods to humans. Pictured with the head of a jackal or dog,
or as a dark colored jackal. He, with Maat, weighed human souls for truth. Rules Over: Wisdom, intelligence,
death, embalming, endings, truth, justice, surgery, hospital stays, finding lost things, anesthetics, medicine, journeys,
protection, boats, diplomacy, astral travel, cemeteries.
Anqet Other Names: Anuket,
Anukis, "The Clasper." Description: Water Goddess of the Nile Cataracts. Her symbal
was the cowrie shell. Pictured as a woman donning a tall plumed crown. Also has been depicted as having four arms.
Rules Over: Producer and giver of life, water.
Apep Other Names: Apophis.
Description: Demon enemy of the Sun. Pictured as a snake. Rules Over: Darkness, storm, night, the
Underworld, death, eclipses.
Apit Description: Mother
Goddess, nursing mother.
Apuat Other Names: Upuat.
Rules Over: Pictured as Anubis is except he is white or gray instead of black. He guides souls to their place
of rest after their hearts are weighed against the feather.
Aput Description: Messenger
Asbit Description: Fire
Goddess. Rules Over: Fire.
Aseb Description: Fire
God. Rules Over: Fire.
Ashkit Description: Goddess
of the Winds.
Ashu Description: Water
Aua Description: God of
Auf Other Names: Euf Ra.
Description: Aspect of the Sun god Ra. Shown as a ram-headed man wearing the solar disk. Rules Over:
Peace, rest, sleep, courage.
Auit Description: Goddess
of Nurses and Children.
Bait Description: Goddess
of the Soul.
Baket Description: A Hawk
Ba-neb-Tetet Other Names:
Banebdedet, Banaded. Description: A ram-god. Rules Over: Discussion, arbitration, peace.
Bast Other Names: Bastet,
Pasht (Dark aspect). Description: Cat headed-goddess, mother of all cats, wife of Ptah. Bast held a sistrum
in her right hand and a basket in her left. Usually shown wearing green. Rules Over: Cats, animals, Fire,
the Moon, childbirth, fertility, pleasure, benevolence, joy, jokes, sexual rites, music, dance, protection against disease
and evil spirits, warmth, intuition, healing, generosity, marriage.
Bata Description: God of
War and the Chase.
Bekhkhit Description: Goddess
of Dawn's Light.
Bes Other Names: "Lord
of the land of Punt." Description:
A guardian God. He was pictured as a leapard skin-clad dwarf with a huge head, prominent eyes and cheeks, a curly beard
and an open mouth with his tongue sticking out. Sometimes he was depicted playing the harp or tambourine. Rules
Over: Luck, marriage, music, dance, childbirth, cosmetics, female adornments, humor, happiness, protection.
Buto Other Names: Uajyt,
Uatchet, Utchat, Per Uadjit, Uazit, Uto, Uraeus. Description: Cobra Goddess and ancient protector of Lower
Egypt and the Delta town of Uadjit. Shown as a cobra (sometimes
winged) sometimes and at other times as a woman wearing a vulture headdress and the red crown of the North. She held
papyrus scepter twined with a long snake. Rules Over: Protection, hiding from evil.
Hapi Description: Very
fat man with pendulous breasts, dressed like a boatman with a narrow belt around his huge belly. Rules Over: The
Nile, crops, fertility, water, prosperity.
Hathor Other Names: Athor,
Athyr, Het-Hert, Hat-Hor, Het-Heret. Description: Cowheaded goddess or a human-headed woman with horns, cow's ears
and heavy tresses. Rules Over: Joy, love, pleasure, flowers, the sky, moon, tombs, motherhood, beauty, marriage,
cosmetics, singers and dancers, merry-makers, beautiful women, artists, artistic works, vine and wine, ale and beer, happiness,
music, song, the dance, weaving garlands, good times in general, Nature, physical comforts, protection, astrology, prosperity,
jewelry, strength, the arts, family.
Heh Other Names: Neheb.
Description: Shown as a squatting man wearing a curved reed on his head. God of Infinity. Rules Over:
Eternity, longevity, happiness.
Horus Other Names: Heru
Sa Aset. Description: Falcon-headed Sun and sky god. Pictured as fair skin, blue eyes. Rules Over:
Prophecy, war, revenge, justice, success, problem solving, the Sun, music, the arts, beauty, weapons, family, home.
Hu Description: God of
Hutchai Description: God
of the West Wind.
Imhotep Other Names: I-Em-Hetep.
Description: Deified human hero who later became a god. Son of Ptah. Rules Over: Study, knowledge,
learning, medicine, healing, embalming, physicians, sleep to heal suffering and pain, magick, compassion, drugs, herbs.
Names: As, Aset, Eset, Tait. Description: Supreme Egyptian Goddess. Pictured with dark hair, blue eyes,
fair skin. Rules Over: Marriage, domestic life, theMoon, motherhood, fertility, magick, purification, initiation,
reincarnation, success, womanhood, healing, spinning, weaving, advice, divination, civilization, agriculture, the arts, protection,
advice, patroness of priestesses.
Kekui Other Names: Keku.
Description: God of the hour before dawn. Bringer-in of the light.
Kekuit Description: Goddess
of the hour after sunset. Bringer-in of the night.
Khensu Other Names: Khons,
Khonsu. Description: Wore a skullcap topped by a disk in a crescent Moon. His head was bald except for a scalp-lock
tress of a royal child. His body was swathed tightly and he held a crook and flail. Rules Over: Exorcism,
Khepera Other Names: Khepra,
Khepri, Khephera. Description: Scarab beetle god of creative energy and eternal life. Rules Over: Moon,
exorcism, healing, new beginnings, gentleness, literary abilities, miracles, compassion.
Khnemu Other Names: Khnum.
Description: Ram God pictured with a ram's head and long wavy horns holding a scepter and ankh. Rules Over:
Arts and crafts, fertility and creation, gentleness.
Khurab Description: A Bird
Maa Description: God of
Maat Other Names: Maa,
Maut, Mayet. Description: Depicted wearing an ostrich feather on her head while standing/sitting on her heels holding
a scepter and ankh. Rules Over: Truth, right, justice, law, final judgement of human souls, order, divine order,
Mafdet Description: A Lynx
Mahes Description: A Lion
Mathit Description: Helps
the deceased climb into heaven.
Menthi Other Names: Menthu-Ra,
Mentu, Mont. Description: Sun god pictured with
a bull head. Wore a solar disk and two tall straight plumes on his head and carried a khepesh. Husband of Rat-Taui.
Rules Over: Protection, war, vengeance.
Merseger Description: Cobra
Mesen Description: A Blacksmith
Meshkent Other Names: Meskhenet.
Description: Images of her were sometimes depicted on two bricks on which egyptian women crouched during child birth.
Shown as a woman wearing two long palm shoots which were curved at the ends. Rules Over: Childbirth, rebirth.
Min Other Names: Minu,
Menu. Description: Wore a crown with two tall straight plumes and held a flail in his right hand behind his head.
Rules Over: Fertility, crops, sex, harvests, roads, journeys, patron of the desert and travelers.
Montu Other Names: Monthu,
Menthu. Description: Falcon-headed war God also represented by a griffin.
Mut Other Names: Sky goddess
who wore a vulture headdress. Sometimes winged. Rules Over: Marriage, creation.
Nehebkau Description: Serpent
god of the Underworld. Rules Over: Death, cursing, vengeance.
Neith Other Names: Neit,
Net, Nit. Description: Usually shown aside Selqet, as mummy guardian and protectress of marriage. She wore
the red crown of Lower Egypt and in her hands held a bow and two arrows. Rules Over: Herbs, magick, healing, mystical
knowledge, rituals, meditation, weaving.
Nekhebet Description: Guardian
goddess shown in vulture form hovering over PHaraoh, holding the flywhisk and the seal. As a woman, she was depicted
wearing the white crown of Upper Egypt or a vulture headdress. She carried a scepter with a serpent twined around it.
Rules Over: Motherhood, childbirth, protection.
Neper Description: God
of grain and prosperity of the barley and emmer wheat crops.
Nephthys Other Names: Nebt-Het,
Nebthet, Nebhet. Description: Underworld Goddess who represented life and death. Wife of Set. Mother
of Anubis. Pictured as fair skinned with green eyes. Shown as a woman with long winged arms stretched in protection;
sometimes carrying a basket on her head. Rules Over: Death, dark magick, guardian of hidden things, mystical things,
protection, invisibility or anonymity, intuition, dreams, peace.
Nerit Description: Goddess
Nu Description: The primal
Nun Description: God of
the primal ocean.
Nut Other Names: Nu. Description:
Sky goddess, personification of the heavens, sky, clouds and stars. Rules Over: Reincarnation, weather.
Osiris Description: Tanned
complexion and fair hair. Sometimes shown standings, sometimes seated on his throne, tightly wrapped in mummy garb,
his freed hands on his breast holding the crook and flail. Sometimes his face was shown as green. On his head
he wore a high white miter flanked by two ostrich feathers. Rules Over: Fertility, harvests, commerce, success,
initiation, death and reincarnation, water, judgment, justice, agriculture, crafts, corn and vegetation, grains, religion,
architecture, weaving, ceremonial music, civilization, composing rituals, codes of law, religion, power, order, discipline,
Pakhit Description: A cat
Papait Description: A goddess
Pestit Description: Goddess
Pestu Description: God
Ptah Other Names: Ptah-Neb-Ankh.
Description: Skull wrapped in a headband and his body enclosed in mummy cloth. His hands were free and held
a scepter, ankh, and tet. Rules Over: Life, regeneration, crafts, builders, designers, metal workers, stone workers,
engraving, carving, sculpting, all handcrafts, architects, masons, gentleness, miracles, science, manual skills, the arts.
Ra Other Names: Re, Phra.
Description: Had many forms: Royal child sitting on lotus; as a man head topped with the solar disk surrounded by
the sacred asp; as a man with a ram's head; as a man with a falcons head. Rules Over: Agriculture, Sun, Magick,
prosperity, spells, rituals, destiny, right, truth.
Rat Other Names: Tat-Taiut,
Rait, Rate. Description: Woman wearing a disk with horns and a uraeus. Rules Over: Wisdom, knoweldge.
Rekhit Description: Goddess
Remi Description: A Fish
Remnit Description: A Cow
Renenet Other Names: Renenutet,
Ernutet. Description: Woman with serpents head or serpent wearing the solar disk. Sometimes shown as a lion
headed woman or wearing the plumes of Maat. Rules Over: Children, luck, justice.
Renpet Description: Wore
a long palm shoot above her head. Rules Over: Youth, springtime, the year, general idea of time.
Renpiti Description: God
Goddess of the Harvest, shown as a cobra. Present during childbirth and also decides how long the child will live. Rules
over: Harvest, childbrith, life.
Saa Description: God of
Sati Other Names: Satet.
Description: Shown as teh Archer, holding a bow and arrows. Rules Over: Fertility, the hunt, planting,
Seb Other Names: Geb, Keb.
Description: Fertility Earth God. Rules Over: Fertility, new beginnings, creations, crops.
Sebek Other Names: Sobk,
Suchos, Sobek. Description: Lord of Death. Crocodile God. Rules Over: Cursing, dark magick.
Seker Other Names: Sokar,
Socharis. Description: Guardian god of the door to the Underworld. Pictured as a greenish hawk-headed mummy.
Sekhet Description: Wore
red garments. Rules Over: Strength, might, violence, cultivated lands and fields.
Sekhmet Other Names: Sakhmet.
Description: Lioness-headed Goddess. She represented the destroying power of the sunlight and was crowned
with a disk and coiled cobra. Rules Over: War/battle, physicians and bone-setters.
Selqet Other Names: Selket,
Selquet, Selchis, Serqet. Description: Shown as a woman with a scorpion on her head, often with raised winged arms.
Rules Over: Marriage, happiness, sexual love.
Seshat Other Names: Sesheta.
Description: Pictured as a woman wearing a star on her head, reversed crescent and two long straight plumes.
Later on the crescent was replaced with two long down-turned horns. Record keeper of the gods and keeper of the inventory
of the pharaoh's enemy loot. Rules Over: Writing, letters, archives, measurement, calculation, record-keeping, hieroglyphics,
time, stars, sky, history, books, learning, inventions.
Set Other Names: Seth,
Seti, Sutekh, Suti. Description: Reddish-white skin and bright red hair. Rules Over: Hunger, thirst, thunder,
storm, suffering, revenge, cursing, death, dark magick, darkness, evil, destruction, chaos, foreigners.
Setem Description: God
Shai (male) Other Names:
Shait (female). Description: Sometimes a goddess, sometimes a god. Role similar to guardian angel, presiding
over destiny and fate. One was born with each person and at death gave a true account of that persons life and deeds/misdeeds.
Shesmu Description: God
Shu Description: Air god.
In human form with ostrich feather on his head. Rules Over: Heat, drynes, air, winds.
Sia Description: God of
the Perceptive Mind.
Tait Description: Goddess
Tanent Description: Primal
earth mother, more like grandmother of grandmother.. the earths core, continents, etc. She is distant and understands
the cycles of life and death fully. Rules Over: Life, death, stability, order, strength.
Ta-Urt Other Names: Tauret,
Apet, Opet, Taueret, Taurt, Thoueris, Rertrertu, Taweret. Description: Hippopotamus goddess. Pictured as a
female hippo with hanging breasts, standing upright and holding a plait of rolled papyrus. Rules Over: Childbirth,
maternity, nursing mothers, revenge, protection.
Tefnut Other Names: Tefenet.
Description: Lives at the bottom of the Underworld, who was fed by a group of Underworld Gods. Rules Over:
Moisture, dew, rain, mist.
Temu Other Names: Tem,
Atem, Atum. Description: Personification of God in human form and of the setting Sun. He was the father of
the human race and he helped the dead. In one of his forms he was worshipped as a huge serpent. Considered complete
within himself, he was the sum of everything that existed. Rules Over: Peace, help, rest.
Thoth Other Names: Tehuti, Thout,
Djehuti, Zehuti. Description: Invented hieroglyphics and numbers. First and greatest of magicians. Inventor
of the 4 laws of magick. His two wives were Seshat and Nehmauit. He had powers greater then Osiris and Ra. Rules
Over: Magick, writing, inventions, the arts, divination, commerce, healing, initiation, music, prophecy, tarot, success,
wisdom, medicine, astronomy, geometry, surveying, drawing, sciences, measurement of time, all calculations and inventories,
archives, judgment, oracles, predictions, rituals, the law, astrology, alphabet, mathematics, speech, grammar, arbitration,
balance, mental powers, the Moon, botany, theology, hymns and prayers, reading, oratory, arbitration, peace, advice, learning,
books, truth, akashic records, the moon, fate, arbitration, advice.
Uadjet Description: Cobra
Goddess of North Egypt, "Green One."
Un Desciption: God of Existence.
Unit Description: A star
Unta Other names: Unti.
Description: God of Light.
Untabi Description: Goddess
of the 27th day of the month.
Ur-Henu Description: Water
Utchait Description: Goddess
of the Moon.
Utekh Description: God
God of the 29th day of the month.
Wepwawet Other Names: Upuaut,
Ophis. Description: God of the Underworld, pictured as wolf-headed. Often dressed as a soldier. Rules
Over: War, protection, defense, martial arts, journeys.
The Gods and Goddesses of the Aztecs
In Aztec myths Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca stretched Hungry Woman to
make the Earth. In an effort to smooth over her injured feelings because she was treated so roughly, the Gods filled
the Earth with forests, flowers, valleys, waterfalls and other nice places over her skin. This did not stop her craving
for human blood and hearts. This is why people are returned to the Earth. After this, the Gods made the first
Sun. Tezcatlipoca stole it for himself. He fastened the Sun to his belt and rose into the sky. Quetzacoatl
grabbed a big stick and followed Tezcatlipoca. Quetzacoatl smacked the pilfering God back to the Earth where the evil
god became the jaguar that ate the first people. In many myths Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca are enemies. Quetzacoatl
was the Chief God of the Toltecs until they fell under Aztec dominion. Quetzacoatl then became one of the Chief Aztec
The Aztecs built huge pyramid temples with carved sacrifical stones on top
of them. Each day, night, week, month and year had its own deity demanding blood. The Aztecs thought that failure
to honor the deities with blood sacrifices would cause the world to end at the end of their 52-year calendar (equal to our
century). The sacrifices given to the Greatest God/desses usually required the living heart to be cut from the body
of a human. Many times they used humans who were war captives. The beating heart was then shown to the Sun and
then thrown onto the sacrificial fire. After this was finished, the body was then skinned and cut up for cannibalistic
ceremonies performed by the priests and warriors. This rite was held every year and the more elaborate forms of the
rite were held every 13 years.
The Gods and Goddesses
Centzon Totochtin Other Names: "Four hundred rabbits." Description:
Moon Gods. Depicted with black and white faces and moon-shaped nose ornaments.
Chalchihuitlicue Other Names: "Precious green lady", "Precious jewel
lady", "Precious jade skirt." Description: Special colors are blue and white. She loves flowers. Flowers were
offered to her and cotton headdresses made in her honor. Unpredictable temper. Rules Over: Storms, youthful
beauty, whirlpools, spring growth, love, flowers, spirits, streams.
Chantico Description: Goddess of Fire. She symbolizes pleasure
and pain together. Her symbols are a red serpent and cactus spikes. Rules Over: Fire, wealth and precious
stones within the Earth.
Chicomecoatl Description: Popular Maize Goddess as maize was considered
the giver of life. She wore a large four-sided headdress and carried a double maize cob. Rules Over: Maize.
Cihuacoatl Other Names: "Woman snake." Rules Over: Childbirth.
Cinteotl Description: Corn God which also had female forms.
During April festivals done in his honor, reeds were smeared with blood and put at the house doors and an offering. Rules
Over: Earthly food.
Coatlicue Other Names: "Snake Skirt", "Serpent Lady." Description:
Earth Goddess, Great Mother. She was both positive and negative, could bless or harm. She had claws and a skirt
of snakes. Rules Over: All Life, famines and earthquakes.
Coyolxauhqui Other Names: "Golden Bells" Description: Moon
Goddess. Wore golden bells on her cheeks.
Huehuecoyotl Other Names: Ueuecoyotl, "Old, old Coyote." Description:
Mischievious deity who was an uncontrolled and trickster God. Rules Over: Gaiety, physical sex, irrational fun.
Huitzilopochtli Other Names: "Hummingbird on the Left (South)", "Left-Handed
Humming Bird" Description: National god of the Aztecs. His festival was one of 25 days of a blood orgy with
hearts and blood of prisoners dumped on his altar. Rules Over: Sun, death, war, young men, warriors, storms, guide
Ilamatecuhtli Description: Terrible aspect of the mother goddess.
During her winter festival, a female's heart was cut out and her chopped off head carried during a parade.
Itzcoliuhqui Other Names: "Twisted obsidian one", "Curved obsidian
knife." Description: An aspect of the god Tezcatlipoca. Rules Over: Darkness, terrible cold, volcanic
Itzpaplotl Other Names: "Obsidian knife butterfly." Description:
A very beautiful female goddess with death symbols scrawled on her face. A mixture of sensuality and death. Rules
Over: Fate, stars, agriculture.
Mayauel Description: She is depicted naked, holding up a bowl of
pulque and seated on a throne of a tortoise and snake. Night was her sacred time and she carried a cord that she used
to aid women in child birth. She is the Goddess who discovered and introduced the Gods to pulque. Rules Over:
Meztli Other Names: Tecciziecatl. Description: Represented
as an old man with a white shell on his back and sometimes with butterfly wings. The physical Moon at its height.
Mictlantecuhtli Other Names: "Lord of the land of the dead." Description:
God of the Underworld and North. Depicted as a skeleton with red bones. Rules Over: The Dead.
Mixcoatl Other Names: "Cloud serpent." Description: National
god of the Chichimecs, god of the pole star. Victims to be sacrificed to him were painted white or red. It was
thought that they turned into stars which were considered food for the Sun. Rules Over: Hunting, weapons that strike
from a distance (spears, javelins).
Quetzalcoatl Other Names: "Most precious twin", "Feathered serpent",
"plumed serpent", "Morning Star." Description: Great priest, Master of Life. God of the wind, sea breeze and
life-breath. A creator god who identified with the planet Venus. He is a 'good' god as he required only one human
sacrifice a year. Rules Over: Civilization, the arts, metallurgy, fate.
Tezcatlipoca Other Names: "Mirror that smokes", "The Shadow", "He
who is at the shoulder." Description: One of two most known about gods of Mexico, he was a local deity of the Toltecs
who was later adopted by the Aztecs. The dark aspect of Quetzalcoatl, his symbol was the jaguar. Evil God of warriors,
magicians and sorcerers. Rules Over: Divination (especially black mirrors), drought, harvest, dancing, music, warriors,
magick, cold, north, night.
Tialoc Other Names: "The One who mankes things sproud", "Lord of
the sources of water", "Lord of the waters." Description: An ancient Nature and fertility god who required constant
human sacrifice. Shown holding four pitchers from which he pours the rain. Rules Over: Thunder, mountains,
rains, hail, fertility, water, clouds, thunder, lightning.
Tlauixcalpantecuhtli Other Names: "Lord of the house of dawn." Description:
The morning star Venus. An aspect of Quetzalcoatl. Rules Over: Dawn.
Tlazolteotl Other Names: "Goddess of Filth", "Dirt Goddess", "Earth
Goddess", "Lady of Witches." Description: Goddess of the cresented moon. Terrible aspect of the Goddess. She
rode naked on a broom holding a red snake and blood-smeared rope. Rules Over: Physical love, fertility, death.
Tonatiuh Other Names: Pilzintecutli, "Royal Lord." Description:
Sun God who received daily sacrifices of human hearts and blood. Rules Over: Fate, warriors who die in battle, women
who die in childbirth.
Tozi Other Names: Teteoinnan, "Our grandmother." Description:
Mother of the Gods, personification of all the aspects of Nature. She had a festival; in August which honored midwives
and women healers. Rules Over: Healing, sweat baths.
Xipe Totec Other Names: "The flayed one." Description:
The Aztecs celebrated his festival on February 22 by skinning prisoners alive to help the growing corn. Rules Over:
Agriculture, west, goldsmiths, self-torture to give penance.
Xochiquetzal Other Names: "Flower Plume", "Flower Feather." Description:
Mother of the maize god. Goddess of the underworld and flowers. Rules Over: Underworld, flowers (especially
marigolds which are laid on graves), sexual love, twins, children, craftsmen.
Xolotl Other Names: "The Animal", Lord of the Evening Star, Lord of the
Underworld. Description: A monster animal with its feet on reversed. The evil form of Venus and adversary
of the Sun. He did bring humankind and fire from the underworld, though. Rules Over: Fire, Bad luck.
Yacatecuhtli Other Names: "Lord Nose", "He who goes before." Rules
Over: Merchants and traders.
The Gods and Goddesses of the Celtic Lands
The Celts were very religious and believed in reincarnation and the migration of the soul to the after
life after death. They did not believe in punishment after death. The Celtic Pantheon held many female deities
of primary importance ranging from war goddesses to mother goddesses to ruling goddesses. They also believed in 3 aspects
of the God/dess, three aspects of a single god. The teachings of the Druids could be summed up quite easily: worship
the gods, be strong, courageous and do no evil. Human sacrifices by the blade, burning, or drowning were done because
it was believed that a life must be given for a life, as in murder, accidental killing, extreme illness, or to be spared from
the horrors of battle. Generally, those who were killed were prisoners of war or criminals. This practice does
not, however, seem to have been used much at all in Ireland
Female were equal to males and held just as much power. The Priestesses were highly revered.
Priestesses sang the dying to sleep, did charms, enchantments, prophecies, healing, etc. They knew the power of words,
stones and herbs. One of the central features of their Groves was a cauldron,
bowl or pool. Curses were cast for any mistreatment of women. Red-hair females were sacred to the war Goddesses,
as their hair was the color of blood.
The Gods and Goddesses
Abarta Location: Ireland. Description:
A God of the Tuatha De Danann. "Performer of feats." Rules Over: Understanding the destructive nature of jealousy,
Accasbel Location: Ireland. Description:
A Partholan who is credited with making the first tavern (pub) in Ireland.
Most likely was an early God of wine or meade. Rules Over: Mabon vine harvest, Beltane's blessing of the meade.
Achtland Description: Goddess queen who no mortal man could sexually satisfy, so she took a giant
from the faery realm as her mate. Rules Over: Sex magick.
Addanc Other Names: Affanc. Location: Wales.
Description: Primordial Giant/God who created and rode the crest of the flood near his home on the Lake
of Waves. Was once a deity worshipped by the people of the lake region but
who is now reduced to faery or evil demi-god. In modern times the word Addanc is used to describe any evil fresh water-dwelling
faery of Wales. Rules Over: Erasing an event/person/etc
from your mind, erasing unwanted thoughts so you can have a fresh start.
Adsullata Location: Britain.
Description: Goddess of hot springs who came to Brittany
from Celtic Gaul. A minor sun Goddess in her own right before the time when the Cels relegated the majority of their
sun images to male deities and their moon images to female ones. Rules Over: Purification, solar magick.
Aerten Other Names: Aerfen, Aeron. Location: Wales,
Cornish. Description: Goddess of Fate who presided over the outcome of war between several Celtic clans. She
had a shrine at Glyndyfrdwy on the banks of the River Dee, where legend has it that three human sacrifices had to be made
every three years to ensure success in future battles. Her symbol was the double-bladed axe. Rules Over: Peace,
Aesun Location: Ireland. Description:
Early Irish God whose name means "to be." Most likely part of a lost creation myth. Aesun was also known by the
Persians and Umbria and Scandinavia.
Aeval Other Names: Aebhel. Location: Ireland.
Description: Goddess who in popular legend is a faery, who held a
court to hear the debate on whether the men of her province were keeping their women sexually satisfied or not. She
commanded that the men bow to the women's sexual wishes. Rules Over: Lust, sex magick, wisdom in making judgements.
Agrona Location: Wales. Description:
Slaughter goddess often equated with the Morrigu. Rules Over: War, slaughter.
Aibell Location: Ireland. Description:
Goddess of Munster whose legends were almost lost until she was 'demoted' to
a faery queen. She had in her possession a magickal harp which did her bidding, but which human ears could not hear
or else the eavesdropper would soon die. She was associated with stones and leaves. Rules Over: Protection,
music, earth magick, ecological magick.
Aibheaog Location: Ireland. Description:
Fire goddess who had a magick well that contained mighty healing powers, especially effective against toothache so long as
the petitioner left a small white stone at the well to represent the decayed tooth. She is associated with wells and
the number 5. Rules Over: Healing, Midsummer well rituals.
Aife Other Names: Aoife. Location: Ireland,
Scotland. Description: Goddess and queen of the
Isle of Shadow. She ran a school for warriors, but her school was less successful than her sister, Scathach's, school.
Aife was not vulnerable to magick, and commanded a legion of fierce horsewomen. She stole an alphabet of knowledge from
the deities to give to humankind. For that infraction, she was transformed into a crane by the elder deities.
Supposedly, she was accidently killed by hunters but yet others say she still haunts the countryside in this form today.
She is associated with the three fold law and the crane. Rules Over: Protection, general knowledge, teaching, pathworking,
lessons of the threefold law.
Aimend Location: Ireland, Scotland. Description: Minor Sun Goddess who is thought to
be the daughter of the king of the region known as Corco Loidhe.
Aine of Knockaine Location: Ireland. Description: Moon Goddess who was connected with
the Summer Solstice. Rules Over: Crops and cattle.
Airmid Location: Ireland. Description: Goddess of medicine and all healing arts to
the Tuatha De Danann. She was looked upon as a magician and herbalist of great reputation. She was also a craftswoman
who, with her brother, helped create the famed silver hand of Nuada. Rules Over: Magick, healing, learning, herbalism,
understanding family loyalty, inspiration to craftspeople.
Albion Description: Son of a forgotten Sea God who may have been part of a lost creation myth.
Was once said to rule the Celtic world. His name became the poetic name for Britain.
Alisanos Description: Gaulish God of stones about whom very little is known. Probably a
deity of the standing stones of Brittany. Rules Over: Fertility.
Almha Location: Ireland. Description: Basically all her myths are lost to us today.
What is known about her is that she was a Goddess of the Tuatha De Danann and that a hill in southern Ireland was named for
Ambisagrus Other Names: Bussumarus. Location: Britain. Description: Originally
from Gaul, where his Celtic identity was lost during the Roman takeover where he took all the characteristics of the Roman
God Jupiter. Weather deity who controlled the rain, wind, hail and fog. Rules Over: Weather magick, leadership.
Ancasta Description: A Goddess who survives only in her name through an inscription on a stone
in Hampshire. It is a possibility she is related to Andraste.
Andraste Location: Britain. Description: War Goddess who was evoked on the eve of the
battle to bring favor, and possibly ritual sacrifices were given to her. Queen Boadicea of the Iceni offered sacrifieces
to Andraste in a sacred grove before fighting the Romans on her many compaigns against them. Rules Over: Overcoming
Angus Mac Og Other Names: Angus of the Brugh, Oengus of the Bruig, Angus Mac Oc, Aengus MacOg.
Location: Ireland. Description: One of the Tuatha De Dannan who had a golden harp that could create incredibly
sweet music. He had a brugh (fairy palace) on the banks of the Boyne. Rules Over: Youth, love, music magick,
protection of lovers, dream work, creativity and beauty.
Anu Other Names: Anann, Dana, Dana-Ana, Catana. Location: Ireland. Description:
Mother Earth, Great Goddess, Greatest of all Goddesses. Another aspect of the Morrigu. The fertility Goddess,
sometimes she formed a trinity with Badb and Macha. Her priestesses comforted and taught the dying. Fires were
lit for her on Midsummer. Guardian of cattle and health. Rules Over: Fertility, prosperity, comfort, health,
Arawn Other Names: Arawyn, Arrawn, Arawen. Location: Wales. Description:
King of Hell, God of Annwn. Ruled the underground kingdom of the dead. Rules Over: Revenge, terror, war, spirit
contact, picking magickal names, strengthening friendships, reincarnation.
Ard Greimme Location: Ireland, Scotland. Description: Father of the famed warrioress
sister Aife and Scathach. Once a Sun God. Rules Over: Fire magick.
Ardwinna Other Names: Dea Arduinna. Location: Britain. Description: Woodland
and animal Goddess who haunted the forests of Ardennes riding a wild boar. She commanded a fine for any animal killed
on her land, yet asked for animal sacrifices on her feast day. Rules over: Animals, familiars, woodlands.
Ariadne Description: The only Greek Goddess known to have been worshipped in Celtic Gaul. Her
name is derived from the word arachnid. Ariadne spun the universe from the primordial darkness like a spider spins her
web, a theme with echoes in the creation myths of many other cultures. She is thought to be very 'unceltic' and to have
been brought with the Celts on their long journey across the European continent. She is associated with spider web,
sulphur, thread, yarn. Rules Over: Protection, magick, manifestation, time.
Arianrhod Location: Wales. Description: Keeper of the circling Silver Wheel of Stars,
a symbol of time and karma. Mother aspect of the Triple Goddess. Honored at the Full Moon. Rules Over:
Beauty, fertility, reincarnation.
Arnamentia Description: Goddess of spring waters who was once a minor solar deity. Rules
Over: Healing and purification.
Artaius Description: God of sheep and cattle herders from Celtic Gaul. Later, the Romans
identified him with Mercury. Rules Over: Sheep, cattle.
King Arthur Location: Wales, Cornwall. Description: Most likely based on a seventh-century
king named Artorius who led the fight to drive the Saxons from Britain, and later his legend was merged with that of a now-forgotten
father/sacrificial God. Because of the strength of his legends, some consider him a God (even if only archtypically),
father figure, warrior, leader, sacrificial king, protector and defender of justice and mercy. Son of King Uther Pendragon
and Igraine, the Duchess of Cornwall. Taught and protected by the magician/Druid Merlin, married Guinevere, and was
mortally wounded in battle by his son Modred (Morgan LeFay's child). Arthur's body was carried to Avalon to sleep and
await the time when he is needed. He is a sacrificial God/king in the purest sense. The oldest legends surrounding
him are found in The Black Book of Caermarthen. Rules Over: Nearly anything is said to be able to be helped by King
Artio Description: Bear Goddess whose shrine once stood in what is now Berne, Switzerland.
She is usually depicted as being surrounded by full baskets and animals. Goddess of fertility and wildlife. She
is associated with the bear, claws and teeth, geode stones. Rules Over: Fertility, animals, strenght, courage.
Badb Other Names: Badhbh, Badb Catha, Bellona, Cauth Bodva. Location: Ireland. Description:
The cauldron of ever-producing life. War Goddess and wife of Net. Mother aspect of Triple Goddess. Associated
with the cauldron, crows and ravens. Rules Over: Life, wisdom, inspiration, enlightenment.
Baile of the Honeyed Speech Location: Ireland. Description: God of Blarney, the speech
valued in Irish culture. Rules Over: Quick and clear thinking, speeches, ideas, impressing someone, mental activity,
speaking, love magick, protection for lovers, blessing magickal wands.
Ban-Chuideachaidh Moire Location: Ireland. Description: Old Goddess who appears in
modern Irish legends as the midwife who assisted the Christian Virgin Mary with her birth, and was also a title applied to
St. Bridget (very obviously referring to the goddess Brigit). A once forgotten goddess of childbirth. Rules Over:
Banba Location: Ireland. Description: Part of a triad with Fotia and Eriu. They
used magick to repel invaders. Rules Over: Repulsion of invaders.
Barinthus Location: Wales. Description: Charioteer to the residents of the Otherworld
who was most likely once a Sea or Sun God.
Bechoil Location: Ireland. Description: Goddess whose legends have been lost.
Perhaps an early version of Dana.
Becuma Location: Ireland. Description: Tuatha Goddess who ruled over magickal boats
and had a weakness for sleeping with High Kings at Tara. At that time, kings ruled by permission of their consorts and
thus the act of her sleeping with them gave these human men permission to rule over the divine Tuatha De Danann. Becuma
was an outcast among her own people because of her behavior and eventually the Milesians took over Ireland, supplanting the
Tuatha altogether. She was also banished to the human world for having a torrid romance with Gaiar, a son of Manann.
She married Conn of the Hundred Battles. She was fiercely jealous of his pride in his son, Art, and sought to banish
him from Conn's kingdom but her plans failed and she left. She now resides in the Otherworld. Rules Over:
Bel Other Names: Belenus, Belinos, Beli Mawr, Beli, Bile, Beltene. Location: Ireland.
Description: Closely connected with the Druids. His name was seen in festivals of Beltane/Beltain. Cattles
were also driven through the bonfires for purification and fertility. Rules Over: Science, healing, hot springs,
fire, success, prosperity, purification, crops vegetation, fertility, cattle.
Belisama Description: Goddess of the Mersey River.
Berecyntia Description: An Earth Goddess, perhaps a Gaulish version of Brid. Rules Over:
Elemental earth magick, fertility.
Bladud Location: Wales. Description: Sun God who is associated with the sacred English
hot spring known as Aquae Sulis. Depicted as a very virile male figure with flaming hair. Rules Over: Protection,
employment, any endeavors governed by the Sun.
Blai Location: Ireland. Description: A Faery Queen with a burgh of her own Drumberg.
Represents a personal or mascot deity to Ossian. Rules Over: Faery contact.
Blathnat Location: Ireland. Description: Probably a form of the more popular Welsh
Goddess, Blodeuwedd. She traveled the island with three cows tied to her cauldron and commanded that warriors perform
feats of superhuman proportions for her amusement. Associated with Roses, cauldron and cow trinities. Rules Over:
Blodeuwedd Other Names: Wlodwin, Blancheflor. Location: Wales. Description:
Lily maid of Celtic initiation ceremonies. Known as the Ninefold Goddess of the Western Isles of Paradise. Created
by Math and Gwydion as a wife for Lleu. The Maiden form of the Triple Goddess, her symbol was the owl. Rules Over:
Flowers, wisdom, lunar mysteries, initiations.
Bo Dhu Location: Ireland. Description: Black cow Goddess who helped bring fertility
to barren Ireland. Rules Over: Fertility, anti-hunger, prosperity.
Bo Find Location: Ireland. Description: "White cow." This is how she manifested
long long ago on the barren and fruitless mass that would become green Ireland. She came from the Western Sea with her
sisters, the Red Cow Goddess (Bo Ruadh), and the black cow Goddess (Bo Dhu). These colors are also those of the Celtic
Triple Goddess, which they obviously represent. The black cow went to the south of Ireland and the red traveled to the
north while Bo Find came to the center. When Bo Find came to the site which is thought to be near modern-day Tara, she
gave birth to twin calves, a male and female who would feed her people forever and ever. Then she and her sisters returned
to the sea. They are honored at Mabon. Rules Over: Fertility, anti-hunger, prosperity.
Bo Ruadh Location: Ireland. Description: Red cow Goddess who helped bring fertility
to barren Ireland. Rules Over: Fertility, anti-hunger, prosperity.
Boann Other Names: Boannan, Boyne. Location: Ireland. Description: Goddess
of the river Boyne. Rules Over: Healing, fertility, water magick.
Bodua Description: War Goddess much like the Irish Badb. Rules Over: War.
Bormanus Description: Thought to be one of the earliest Celtic Gods. Nothing is known about
him today though he may have later surfaced as Borvo, a Breton God of hot springs. His name appears in cameo in old
manuscripts and carvings.
Borvo Location: Britain. Description: God of hot springs who replaced his mother, Sirona,
in this function when her story was patriarchalized. The spring he ruled had great healing powers. Rules Over:
Bran The Blessed Other Names: Benedigeidfran, Bran, Bran MacFebal. Location: Wales.
Description: A giant associated with ravens. Rules Over: Prophecy, the arts, leaders, war, the sun, music,
Branwen Other Names: Branwyn. Location: Manx, Wales. Description: Venus of
the Northern Seas, of the the three matriarchs of Britain. Lady of the Lake. Rules Over: Love, beauty.
Breasal Location: Wales, Cornwall. Description: High King of the entire planet who
made his home in the Otherworld which is sometimes called Hy- or I-Breasal in his honor. Some believe Breasal and his
mystical western island might not have been the legendary continent of Atlantis. His world is visible to humans on only
one night every seven years. When Portuguese explorers reached South America they mistakenly thought they had landed
on Breasal's world and named the land they discovered "Brazil" in his honor. Rules Over: Namespirit contact, guidance
and protection for travelers and explorers.
Bregon Location: Ireland. Description: Minor Celtic figure who plays a role as either the
human son of Milesius or the divine father of Bile and Ith.
Brenos Description: War God to whom the victories at Allia and Delphi were attributed.
Briant Description: Goddess of the river which holds her name. Rules Over: Water magick.
Brigantia Other Names: Britannia. Location: Britain. Description: A Goddess
of sovereignty and often thought of as the Brigit of England. In 1667 Charles I had her face placed on the coinage where
it remains today, reviving an old custom, first instated by the Romans who adopted her as their own. Rules Over:
Sovereignty, self-control, leadership, protection of your land, prosperity.
Brigit Other Names: Brid, Brig, Brigid, Brighid, Brigindo. Location: Ireland, Wales,
Spain, France. Description: Associated with Imbolc. She had an exclusive female priesthood at Kildare and
an ever-burning fire. She had 19 priestesses representing the 19-year cycle of the Celtic "Great Year." Rules Over:
Fire, fertility, the hearth, all feminine arts and crafts, martial arts, healing, physicians, agriculture, inspiration, learning,
poetry, divination, prophecy, smithcraft, animal husbandry, love, witchcraft, occult knowledge.
Bronach Location: Ireland. Description: Crone Goddess linked to forgotten Samhain rituals.
Reclaim this forgotten Samhain Goddess at your own seasonal rites.
Caer Ibormeith Location: Ireland. Description: Usually thought of as a Goddess of sleep
and dreams and a less violent version of Mare. She usually took the form of a swan who lived on a lake called Dragon's
Mouth and she wore a golden chain with one hundred and thirty golden balls on a silver chain worn around her neck. Aengus
MacOg fell in love with her in a dream and sought her when he awoke. When he found her he, too, became a swan and they
flew to Bruigh na Boinne to Aengus' megalithic site north of Tara where they sang the most beautiful song which put all of
Ireland into a peaceful slumber for three days and three nights. She is connected to the horse and the moon. Rules
Over: Dreams, prophetic dreams, falling asleep, music magick.
Caillech Other Names: Cailleach, Carlin, Mala Liath. Location: Ireland, Scotland, Manx.
Description: Goddess in her Destroyer aspect. Rules Over: Disease, plauge, cursing, wisdom, seasonal rites,
Caireen Location: Ireland. Description: Once a protective Mother Goddess, a defender
of you and patron of children. Associated with holly leaves. Rules Over: Children, protection.
Cally Berry Location: Ireland. Description: Often equated with the Caillech Bheur of Scotland
althought in northern Irish legends she appears as a maiden Goddess, representation of spring, the hunt and guardian of animals.
It is thought that she might be a derivative of Artemis/Diana and that the crone images were later slapped onto her at a later
date when the churchmen were attempting to purge her image. She sometimes took the form of a crane to fly about and
predict storms. She is credited with being the creatrix of the Irish mountains, traditionally seen as the crone's earthly
home. Rules Over: Weather forecasting, animal magick, ecological magick.
Campestres Description: Campestres is the Roman name of a lost Goddess of fields that was probably
a fertility or harvest Goddess in Celtic Gaul. Rules Over: Fertility.
Camulos Description: War God from the region of Colchester which was once called by the Latin
name Camulodunum in his honor. Rules Over: War.
Canola Location: Ireland. Description: Believed to be one of the oldest of the Irish
deities, Canola was the inventor of Ireland's long loved symbol, the harp. Lore has it that she fell asleep outdoors
one day while listening to beautiful music and that upon waking she realized the music was being made by the wind beating
upon the sinews of a gutted whale. She was then inspired to craft the instrument and recreate that wonderous sound.
Rules Over: Music magick, dream work, inspiration.
Caolainn Location: Ireland. Description: Goddess who was the guardian/queen of a magickal
well in County Roscommon in western Ireland. She helped grant wishes, usually ones which taught the wishers that they
didn't really want what they thought they did. Her myth is the origin of the well known 'wishing well' which is an image
taken from the birth canal of the great mother earth from which all existence is created. She is associated with wishing
wells and falling stars. Rules Over: Wisdom, healing, fertility.
Carman Location: Ireland. Description: Goddess of County Wexford and source name for
Loch Garman, who was once honored at Lughnasadh. It is believed she has roots in the Greek grain Goddess, Demeter.
Modern legend portrays her as a Goddess of black magick, one who can destroy anything by thrice chanting a spell. This
is also the way that the Morrigu, particularly Badb, can destroy. However, this is not a manifestation of evil intent,
but an end of the world prophecy common to many cultures. Rules Over: Banishing magick.
Carne Location: Britain, Cornwall. Description: Most likely another version of Herne.
Carravogue Other Names: Garbhog, Gheareagain. Location: Ireland, Britain. Description:
Local Crone Goddess from County Meath who was transformed into a huge snake for eating forbidden berries. Her original
purpose is basically lost in modern times because her stories became so absorbed by Christian legends which attempt to make
her a Celtic Eve. It is believed St. Patrick tampered with her legends, which show that St. Patrick killed her with
holy water that melted her, but from which she will arise from again. One of the many legends St. Patrick tampered with
was that she was originally a virgin Goddess of spring who banished each year the crone she would eventually become in order
to further his own aims. She is associated with the number 9. Rules Over: Self-responsibility, reincarnation,
Cathubodia Description: Occasionally seen as a a Breton version of the Irish earth Goddess Banbha,
most likely with origins in Gaul. Thought to be a war Goddess who shares Badb's energies. Rules Over: War,
Cebhfhionn Location: Ireland. Description: Goddess of inspiration who was usually found
next to the legendary Well of Knowledge from which she filled an endless vessel. She kept this sacred water from humans,
feeling they could not handle its power. To merely taste of the waters meant to instantly possess great knowledge, wisdom
and divine inspiration. Rules Over: healing, mental powers, knowledge.
Cernunnos Other Names: Cernowain, Cernenus, Herne The Hunter, Hu Gadarn, Belatucadros, Vitiris.
Location: Known to all the Celtic areas in one form or another. Description: The Horned God, God of Nature,
God of the Underworld. The Druids knew him as Hu Gadarn, the Horned God of Fertility. Usually depicted as sitting
in a lotus position with horns/antlers on his head, a beard, naked except for a neck torque and sometimes holding a shield
and spear. His symbols included the stag, ram, bull and horned serpent. Rules Over: Virility, fertility, animals,
physical love, Nature, woodlands, reincarnation, crossroads, wealth, commerce, warriors, hunt, magick, sacrifice.
Cerridwen Other Names: Caridwen, Ceridwen. Location: Wales, Scotland. Description:
Moon Goddess, Grain Goddess. Welsh Bards called themselves Cerddorion (sons of Cerridwen). The Bard, Taliesin,
founder of their craft was said to be born of Cerridwen and to have tasted a potent from her magick cauldron of inspiration.
In her magickal cauldron, she made a potion called greal (from which the word Grail most likely came from). The potion
was made from six plants for inspiration and knowledge. Her symbol was a white sow. Rules Over: Death, fertility,
regeneration, inspiration, magick, astrology, herbs, science, poetry, spells, knowledge, wisdom, past lives, divination.
Cessair Location: Ireland. Description: Of the race known as the Partholans who were
among the first to occupy Ireland, she is the first ruler of Ireland. Well known pre-Celtic Mother Goddess figure much
like Dana. She led a journey of Partholans to the "western edge of the world" forty days before the great flood.
Among her were her husband and one hundred and fifty mothers of the world. This legend shows how Pagans saw the
Mother Goddess as a source of regeneration and life renewel. Cessair's "I was here first" image was so strong among
Irish Pagans that when the Christians could not eliminate her, they made her the granddaughter of their flood savior, Noah.
Because the native myths say Ireland was spared by the ravages of the great flood, Cessair perhaps was once seen as a water
deity who had the power to save Ireland from the flood. She is associated with the rising sun and the cauldron. Rules
Over: Strength, perseverance, leadership, foresight, water magick, new beginnings.
Cethlion Other Names: Cetnenn. Location: Ireland. Description: Goddess of
the Formorians who was called "crooked teeth." She prophesied the fall of her people to the Tuatha De Danann. Rules
Over: Prophecy, divination.
Chlaus Haistic Location: Ireland. Description: Ancient Goddess of unknown function
who came down to earth as a powerful witch. Probably a crone Goddess. Rules Over: Magick, druids.
Cian Location: Ireland. Description: God of medicine who went to retrieve a cow which
had been stolen by Balor. Father of Lugh. Son of Diancecht. Husband of Ethne. Rules Over: Love
Cliodna Other Names: Cleena, Cliodhna, Cliodna of the Fair Hair. Location: Ireland,
Scotland. Description: Tuatha De Danann Sea and Otherworld Goddess who usually took the form of a sea bird and therefore
symbolized the Celtic afterlife. As a Goddess of the waves, she was believed to be embodied in every ninth wave that
broke on the shore. This wave was believed to break higher and stronger than any other. Rules Over: Spirit
contact, appreciation, beauty, water magick.
Clota Other Names: Clud, Cludoita, Clwyd. Location: Scotland, England, Wales. Description:
Well known Goddess and namesake of the River Clyde. The waters in which she governed were believed to be especially
useful in controlling seizures. Rules Over: Water magick.
Coinchend Description: A semi-divine warrioress whose home was in the Otherworld. Rules Over:
Condatis Description: God of confluence whose sacred places were wherever two rivers or bodies
of water met. Rules Over: Water magick.
Condwiramur Location: Wales. Description: Goddess of sovereignty who appears shortly
in the Grail legends as the wife of Sir Percival in which she is wedded and then bedded by Percival who then immediately sets
off for the Grail castle to which he is finally admitted. Rules Over: Discovering your own feminine power, help
in discovering the ancient grail mysteries, sovereignty.
Corchen Location: Ireland, Manx. Description: Ancient snake Goddess in which very little
is known. She was probably once a regional mother earth Goddess, or Goddess of rebirth. Others conceive that her lost
legends were once part of forgotten creation legends. Rules Over: Past lives, earth magick, reincarnation.
Corra Location: Scotland. Description: Prophecy Goddess who regularly appeared in the
form of a crane. She symbolizes transcendent knowledge and transitions to the Otherworld. Rules Over: Divination,
Coventina Location: Scotland. Description: One of the most potent of the Celtic river
Goddesses. Most likely Roman in origin. She was also the Goddess of featherless flying creatures which may have
symbolized some type of blockage to passing into the Otherworld. There is evidence she was worshipped in Celtic Gaul
where reliefs have been found showing her reclining on a floating leaf. Rules Over: Time, new beginnings, life cycles,
wishes, protection of birds, divination, inspiration of self.
Cred Other Names: Creide. Location: Ireland, Scotland. Description: Faery
Queen Goddess who is associated with Dana's mountains, the Paps of Anu. She vowed never to sleep until she found a man
who could create for her the most majestic poem ever penned. It not only had to be perfectly crafted, but describe in
vivid detail her home and all its contents. The catch 22 was that no man was allowed within her dwelling's guarded walls
(possibly a reference to one of the Otherworld realms known as The Land of Women). Coll, a warrior of the Fianna, succeeded
and Cred married him. She is associated with Yew, rose oil, the color pink. Rules Over: Love magick, searching
for the perfect mate, keeping secrets, spirit contact.
Credne Location: Ireland. Description: God of metallurgy and smithing who worked in
bronze. He created all the Tuatha's weapons with the goldsmith Goibniu and the woodworker Luchtain. Rules Over:
Self-defense, inspiration of artistic endeavors, blessing tools.
Creiddylad Other Names: Creudylad, Cordelia. Location: Wales. Description:
Connected with Beltane and often called the May Queen. Goddess of summer flowers. Rules Over: Love, courage,
strength of will and flowers.
Crobh Dearg Other Names: Crove Dairg. Location: Ireland. Description: "the
red claw." War Goddess who is possibly a form of the crone Goddess of battle Badb. A Leinster fortress was named for
Cromm Cruaich Location: Ireland. Description: Ancient deity about which little is known
about today. Seen as a harvest, death and sacrificial God. It is thought human sacrifices were once made to him
at Samhain. The Dinnshenchas tells that once at Meg Slecht, a standing stone of pure gold was erected to him with twelve
stone idols surrounding him (13 is still the traditional number for members in a Celtic coven). King Tigernmas led the
worship at this stie. Rules Over: Harvest, dark festivals, death, passing over rituals, otherworld contact.
The Crone Description: Third aspect of the Triple Goddess. She signifies old age or death,
winter, the end of all things, the waning moon, post-mentrual phases of women's lives, all destruction that comes before regeneration
through her cauldron of rebirth. Crows and other black creatures are sacred animals to her. Dogs accompanied her
usually and guarded the gates of her after-world, helping her to receive the dead. It was thought that true curses could
be cast with a dog's help.
Cronos Description: Minor harvest and Sun God with Greek roots who was imprisoned with his subordinate
deities on a western island which could have been a Land of the Dead. He seems to have no connection to the Greek God
of time who has the same name.
Cyhiraeth Location: Wales. Description: Goddess of streams who later became thought
of as a faery spirit who was a portent of death, very similar to Ireland's Beansidhe or Cornwall's Washer at the Ford. Rules
Over: Water magick, passing over (death), faery contact, inner-transformation.
Cymidei Cymeinfoll Location: Wales. Description: War Goddess who is always paired in
stories with her husband, Llasar Llaesyfnewid. They own a magickal cauldron into which they would cast warriors killed
in battle. From the cauldron these deceased soldiers would come forth to life again, but minus their power of speech.
She is one half of the creative principle. As Wales' prime War Goddess she gave birth to its warriors, one every six
weeks. Rules Over: Strength, war, past-lives, creative magick.
Dahud-Ahes Other Names: Dahut. Location: Britain. Description: Goddess of
"debauchery" by her detractors, while some recent legends go so far as to make her the destroyer of her own realm through
her excesses and her worship of "idols." By her followers, she is hailed as a Goddess of earthly pleasure. Fishermen
of Britain claim to occasionally see her city beneath the French seas, and believe that she will indeed return someday. Rules
Over: Pleasure, courage, water magick, sex magick, sea faery contact.
The Dagda Other Names: Daghdha, Eochaidh Ollathair. Location: Ireland. Description:
High King of the Tuatha De Danann. God of death and rebirth, master of all trades, lord of perfect knowledge.
He had a cauldron called the Undry which gave unlimited food. He also had a living oak harp which caused the seasons
to change in their order. He was usually pictured wearing a brown, low-necked tunic which just reached his hips and
a hooded cape that barely covered his shoulders. On his feet he wore horse-hide boots. Behind him he pulls his
massive 8-pronged warclub on a wheel. Rules Over: Protection, warriors, knowledge, magick, fire, prophecy, weather,
reincarnation, the arts, initiation, patron of priests, the Sun, healing, regeneration, properity, plentymusc, harps, magicians,
artisans, all knowledge.
Damona Description: Cow Goddess which little is known about. Rules Over: Fertility,
Danu Other Names: Danann, Dana. Location: Ireland. Description: Major Mother
Goddess, ancestress of the Tuatha De Danann. She gave her name to the Tuatha De Dannan (People of the Goddess Danu).
Another aspect of the Morrigu. Rules Over: Wizards, rivers, water, wells, prosperity, abundance, magick, wisdom.
Daronwy Location: Wales. Description: In The Book of Taliesin, The "Song of Daronwy,"
relates adventures of this God who does not appear elsewhere in Celtic mythology. Many think Daronwy is actually Ossian.
Deae Matres Location: Britain. Description: "mother Goddesses." A triune of earth
Goddesses given this singular Latin name on the continent. None of the legends about her survive though there are many
inscriptions and scultpures which attest to the strength of her worship. It is believed her following was destroyed
by the Romans when they took Gaul. The Trio are shown as robed figures bearing baskets of flowers, fruit, and grain,
items which represent the bounty of three non-winter seasons. Rules Over: Harvest, fertility, prosperity.
Dechtere Other Names: Dechtire. Location: Ireland. Description: A triplicity
unto herself, this Goddess throughout her myth say she alternately takes on the images of maiden, mother and crone.
She is one of three women in myth who is credited with being the mother of Cuchulain, an honor usually only given to Taillte
by Celtic Pagans. A stray mayfly, containing the "soul" of Lugh, fell into her wine glass. When she drank it she
became impregnated with Cuchulain. However, she birthed Cuchulain by throwing him up and therefore always remaind a
"maiden." Described as a woman of "large proportions," a detail which reveals she had attributes of a mother, fertility
and abundance Goddess. She could shape-shift herself and her followers into birds for swift travel and, predictably,
they could fly to the Otherworld and back in this form. However, wherever they stopped to feed they nearly destroyed
the land, and this links her to the daker side of the Goddess of abundance, that of teh devourer.
Devona Description: Goddess of the rivers of Devon.
Diancecht Other Names: Dian Cecht. Location: Ireland. Description: Physician-magician
of the Tuatha. Rules Over: Healing, medicine, regeneration, magick, silver-working.
Dil Location: Ireland. Description: Very old cattle Goddess about whom nothing is known
about today. She could possibly be a derivative of the nearly forgotten Damona of Gaul. Rules Over: Fertility.
Dispater Other Names: Dis Pater. Description: Gaulish God, whose name means "the father,"
was a primordial God of creation who later merged with both Don and Cernunnos. The Gauls all believed they themselves
to be descended from him. Rules Over: Fertility magick, magick.
Domnu Location: Ireland. DescriptioN: Goddess of the Formorians, who are sometimes
referred to as the Fir Domnann (Men of Domnu) in her honor. The Formorian race was one of the occupiers in the five-fold
Invasion cycle of Irish mythos. Her name means "the deep," making sense because the Formorians were banished by the
Tuatha De Danann to become grotesque sea monsters off the Irish coast. Rules Over: Leadership, sea faery contact.
Don Other Names: Donn, Dhonn. Location: Ireland, Wales. Description: Sometimes
called a Goddess and sometimes called a God. Ruled over the land of the dead. Rules Over: Control of the elements,
Druantia Description: "Queen of the Druids." Fir Goddess. Rules Over: Fertility,
passion, sexual activities, trees, protection, knowledge, creativity.
Dubh Lacha Location: Ireland. Description: Early Irish Goddess of the sea which little
is known about. Possibly another version of the Druidess Dubh.
Dunatis Description: Gaulish Celtic God of fortifications. Protector of sacred spaces.
Rules Over: Protection of sacred places and hiding places during rituals.
Dylan Other Names: Dyonas. Location: Wales, Britain. Description: Guardian
deity of the mouth of the River Conway. Symbol was a silver fish, son of Gwydion and Arianrhod.
Eadon Location: Ireland. Description: Goddess of poetry who may have also been a bard.
Rules Over: Creativity.
Easal Location: Ireland, Manx. Description: God of abundance and prosperity who came
into legend as King of the Golden Pillars. He gave the sons of Tuirrean seven magickal pigs, which would reappear the
day after they were eaten. Rules Over: Prosperity, abundance.
Ebhlinne Location: Ireland. Description: Goddess of Munster who was until recent times
honored at the Midsummer Sabbat in her mountain home in County Tipperary. Since all her legends have been lost except
for a few minor references, she was probably once a sun or fire Goddess. Rules Over: Fire magick.
Echtghe Other Names: Aughty. Location: Ireland. Description: Believed to
be another form of Dana by some, the first Great Mother Goddess of Ireland. Her lover gave her the hills which bear
her name to this day: The Slaibh na Echtghe. She was the daughter of Nuada of the Silver Hand.
Eibhir Location: Ireland, Manx. Description: First wife of Ossian who is described
as being a yellow-haired "stranger from another land." She is most likely a forgotten Sun Goddess.
Eithne Other Names: Ethleen, Ethlinn, Ethniu. Location: Ireland. Description:
Old Goddess whose original form likely traveled with the Celts across the continent over many generations from the Middle
East. It is said she lived off nothing but the milk of a sacred Indian cow and was protected by a spirit who chased away all
would-be suitors. Some tend to think she is the same as the Goddess Ethne, who is one of the several women credited
with being the mother of Lugh. Her last pregnancy was ended along with her life when she was drowned by her jealous
sister, Clothru. A minor fertility and moon Goddess. Rules Over: Beauty, fertility, reincarnation.
Elaine Location: Wales, Britain. Description: Maiden aspect of the Goddess.
Queen of Elphame Other Names: Elphlane, Elphane. Location: Scotland. Description:
Goddess of death and disease who is often equated with the Greek Goddess Hecate. More recently, in the past few hundred
years, she has been seen as a Faery Queen and assocaited with Beltane. Thomas and Rhymer always maintained that she
appeared to him on a May Eve dressed in green silks and riding a white horse with fifty-nine silver bells tied in its mane
(odd association since Celtic faeries have always been thought to shun the ringing of bells). Rules Over: Death,
destruction, plague, battle, Otherworld, rebirth, faery contact.
Eostre Description: Goddess for whom the Ostara Sabbat is named for a.k.a. Easter. She
is viewed as spring personified. The word for animal menstruation, "estrus," meaning "fertile period," is derived from
her name, and therefore she is a Goddess of animal reproduction. Rules Over: Ostara, Great Rite, Fertility of pets/livestock,
new ventures, reincarnation, new life.
Epona Location: Britain, Gaul. Description: "Divine Horse." Goddess of horses,
Mother Goddess, Mare. Rules Over: Fertility, maternity, protectress of horses, horse-breeding, prosperity, dogs,
healing springs, crops.
Epos Olloatir Description: Horse God often seen as either a male form of Epona or as her consort.
Rules Over: Night, dream magick, horses.
Erce Description: Earth Mother and Harvest Goddess represented by a womb or over-flowing Horn
of PLenty who is believed to be Basque in origin. Rules Over: Harvest festivals, earth magick.
Eri of the Golden Hair Location: Ireland. Description: Virgin Goddess of the Tuatha
De Danann. In one legend, Eri was at the bank of a river when a man in a silver boat floated down to her on a beaming
ray of the sun. She was so overcome with emotion at the sight that the two of them fell into the boat and made love
right there and then. The man, most likely an unnamed sun God, left Eri impregnated with Bres. He also left her
a golden ring (a sun symbol) to remember him by. Rules over: Creation, moon.
Eriu Other Names: Erin, Eire. Location: Ireland. Description: One of the
three queens of the Tuatha De Danann and daughter of the Dagda.
Essus Other Names: Esus. Location: Britain. Description: Harvest God worshipped
in Brittany and in Gaul by the people known as the Essuvi. He died by being hung on one of his sacred trees like the
Norse God Odin with whome he is often compared to. His own legends are lost. Rules Over: Fertility, harvest,
spirit contact, passing over rites.
Fachea Location: Ireland. Description: Goddess of poetry and patron of bards. Rules
Fea Location: Ireland. Description: War Goddess whose root name means "the hateful
one." She is a subordinate deity of the Morrigu. Daughter of Brugh and Elcmar. Rules Over: War.
Finncaev Location: Ireland. Description: Minor Princess among the Tuatha De Danann.
Thought to be a Goddess of love and beauty. Rules Over: Love and beauty.
Finvarra Other Names: Fionnbharr. Location: Ireland. Description: A strong
God who became known as a faery king of the Tuatha De Danann. Rules Over: Competitions, mental powers, faery contact.
Fionn MacCumhal Other Names: Finn MacCool, Finn McCual, Fin on the Isle of Man, Fingal, Demna
(original name). Location: Ireland, Manx, Scotland. Description: Legendary giant God/Warrior of ireland
who foresaw the coming of the Milesians and banished an invading giant from Scotland. Rules Over: Wisdom, overcoming
enemies, creation, protection, knowledge, divination.
Fland Location: Ireland. Description: Daughter of woodland Goddess Flidais. A lake
Goddess who is viewed in modern folklore as an evil water faery who lures swimmers to their death. Rules Over: Water
Flidais Location: Ireland. Description: She rode in a chariot drawn by deer.
Ruler of wild beasts, forests, woodlands. Rules Over: Forests, woodlands, wild things, wild beasts, shape-shifting.
Garbh Ogh Location: Ireland. Description: Giantess and Goddess of the hunt whose chariot
was drawn by elks. This Goddess built herself a triple cairn of stone and heather, and went inside to die. Her
names means "rough youth." Rules Over: Ecological magick, seasonal rites involving the sacrificial God.
Garmangabis Location: Britain. Description: Goddess who was brought to Britain with
the Romans and survives only through cryptic inscriptions. She was worshipped in the Lancashire region of northwestern
England, though her function is now unknown.
Gavida Location: Ireland. Description: Minor God of the forge.
Goewin Other Names: Goewyn. Location: Wales. Description: Goddess of sovereignty
who held the feet of Math while he reigned. She was only exempt from doing this when he went to war. In old northern
and western European cultures kings were often seen as semi-divine beings having need to rest their feet in the lap of a queen
by whose grace they ruled. When Goewin was kidnapped by Gilfaethwy, he also captured the means of stealing the throne.
A May Queen. Rules Over: Sovereignty.
Gog Description: Consort of Magog. Rules Over: Fertility.
Goidniu Other Names: Gofannon, Govannon. Location: Ireland, Wales. Description:
One of a triad of crafsmen with Luchtaine the wright and Creidne the brazier. He forged all of the Tuatha De Danann's
weapons which always hit their mark and every wound created by the weapons were fatal. His ale gave the Tuatha invulnerability.
Rules Over: Blacksmiths, weapon-makers, jewelry making, brewing, fire, metal-working.
Goleuddydd Location: Wales. Description: Sow Goddess, mother of Culwch who ran in an
insane rush to the deep woodlands to give him birth. Aunt of King Arthur. Rules Over: Family ties, independence.
Grainne Location: Ireland, Manx, Scotland. Description: Master herbalist and sun Goddess
who was the daughter of King Cormac and who married Fionn MacCumhal. Rules Over: Herbs, knowledge, sun, fire magick.
Great Father Description: The Horned God, The Lord. Lord of the winter, harvest, land of the
dead, the sky, animals, mountains, lust, powers of destruction, regeneration. Represents the male principle of creation.
Great Mother Description: The Lady. Represents the female principle of creation.
Goddess of fertility, the Moon, summer, flowers, love, healing, the seas, water.
The Green Man Other Names: Arddhu (The Dark One), Atho, Horned God. Description: See
Grian Location: Ireland. Description: Faery Goddess from County Tipperary is still
thought to live in a burgh beneath Pallas Green Hill. Her name means "sunny" and was most assuredly at one time a long
past potent regional sun deity. Though her legends have been lost, some think she is a twin of Aine who represented
the waning year, while Grian was queen of the waxing year. Rules Over: Seasonal rites, sun.
Guaire Other Names: Guary. Location: Ireland. Description: Guardian God/spirit
of Bruigh na Boinne and father of Ebhlinne. Rules Over: Protection.
Gwawl Ap Clud Other Names: Gwawn. Location: Wales. Description: Son of the
Goddess Clug. Thought to be a minor sun God. Rules Over: Solar magick.
Gwen Location: Wales. Description: A young female who was so beautiful that almost
no one could live if they gazed upon her for long. She was perhaps a minor sun or moon Goddess or a Goddess of light.
Gwydion Other Names: Gwyddion. Location: Wales. Description: Druid of the
mainland gods, son of Don. Brother of Govannon, Arianrhod and Amaethon. Wizard and Bard of North Wales.
A many-skilled god. Prince of the Powers of Air, a shape-shifter. His symbol was a white horse. Greatest
of the enchanters. A warrior-magician. Brought pigs to humankind. Rules Over: Illusion, changes, magick,
the sky, healing, music magick, help, learning, mental powers.
Gwyddno Location: Wales. Description: At one time was a sea God. Came down in legend
as a monster or faery of the ocean. Rules Over: Water magick.
Gwynn Ap Nudd Location: Wales. Description: King of the Fairies and the underworld.
Later became Plant Annwn (subterranean fairies). Rules Over: Spirit contact, strength, passing over rituals, seasonal
Gwethyr Other Names: Gwyrthur Ap Gwreidawl. Location: Wales. Description:
Opposite of Gwynn Ap Nudd. King of the Upperworld.
Habetrot Description: A "spinning" Goddess who is thought to either be a goddess of spell casting
or the wheel of the year since "spinning" refers to them both. She is best known for her powers of healing which were
linked to her skills with weaving fiber. All who wore her clothes never became ill. Rules Over: Healing, seasonal
Habondia Other Names: Abondia, Abunciada, Habonde. Description: Goddess of abundance
and prosperity who was later demoted to a mere witch in medieval English lore in order to strip her of her great power in
the minds of the rural folk who depended upon her benevolence for their crops and herds. She is descended from a Germanic
Goddess of the Earth. Rules Over: Seasonal harvest rites, fertility, prosperity, earth magick.
Harimella Other Names: Viradechthis. Location: Scotland. Description: Goddess
of Tungrain origin who used to be worshipped in Dunfriesshire. Most likely a Goddess of protection. Rules Over:
Henwen Description: Sow Goddess much like her Welsh counterpart, Cerridwen. She is the
deity who brought abundance to the land by giving birth to an array of "litters" throughout England. For example she
left a litter of bees in one spot, wheat in another, barley in another, etc. She produced everything except dogs, pigs
or other animals thought to be the sole possession of the Otherworld inhabitants. Rules Over: Fertility, childbirth,
Hevydd Hen Location: Wales. Description: Father of Rhiannon. Once part of a very
old oral tradition which has been lost.
Holly King and Oak King Description: Two sacrifical Gods who, in the manner of such deities,
are two aspects of the same being. Holly King represents the waning year, and battles the Oak King at Midsummer (probably
at Beltane sometime in the past) for rulership. The Oak King is the God of the waxing year and fights the Holly King
at Yule (perhaps at one time Samhain) for the same honor. Today most celtic witches see these two as faeries or spiritual
energies rather than as divine beings since only pieces of folklore and custom, rather than mythology, define them.
The Horned God Description: Opener of the Gates of Life and Death. Known by many names,
herne the hunter, cernunnos, green man, lord of the wild hunt. The masculine, active side of Nature. Earth Father.
Animals sacred to him were the stag, bull, goat, bear. Rules Over: Growing things, the forest, Nature, wild animals,
alertness, annihilation, fertility, panic, desire, terror, flocks, agriculture, beer and ale.
Ialonus Description: Fertility God who governed over all cultivated fields. Rules Over:
Ibath Location: Ireland Description: A Nemed who is belieoved to be a Tuatha ancestor/father
Inghean Bhuidhe Other Names: Crobh Dearg. Location: Ireland. Description:
Her name means "yellow-haired girl." Much of her story has been lost, however, we do know that she was the middle girl
of three sisters who made up a Triple Goddess. She represented the coming of summer, or Beltane, and for many years
was honored with rituals involving a sacred well on May 6, the original date of the Sabbat. Her younger sister was named
Latiaran. Her elder sister is named Lassair. Rules Over: Beltane, flower festivals, spring planting.
Iubdan of the Faylinn Location: Ireland. Description: An Ulster God usually known in
popular legend as the king of the Ulster faeries. Rules Over: Faery contact, wisdom.
Keevan of the Curling Hair Other Names: Cebhain. Description: Lover of Cliodna who
may have been a God of fertility and of the hunt. All myths aside the ones of Cliodna have been lost. Rules Over:
Kele-De Other Names: Ceile De. Location: Ireland. Description: Very old Goddess
whose early all-female following was allowed to flourish by the early church. They were known as Kelles. Their
High Priestess reserved the right to take any and all lovers they chose. Strangly enough, she was probably a crone image
in Ireland and linked in popular mind as a counterpart to the male creation concept. Some even believe she is a corruption
of the Indian Goddess, Kali. In an effort to destroy her memory, an early sect of Irish and Scottish monks adopted her
name. Rules over: Feminine power and sex magick.
The Lady Of the Lake Location: Wales, Britain Description: To some she is a faery woman,
to others she is a potent deity of life, death and regeneration. She was the possessor of the sword Excalibur (called
Caliburn in Brittany), the magickal blade given to King Arthur. A Sovereign Goddess, it is this act of taking the offered
sword which grants Arthur the right to rule, and it is she who claims the blade again, when his role as sacrificial king must
be fulfilled. The Bretons claim she was a Breton addition to the Arthurian legends and that she never appeared in the
original Welsh versions of the myths. Contradictory to the "sword in the churchyard stone" stories, the Breton version
tells us that Merlin and Arthur rowed out to the center of the Dosmary Lake in Cornwall and that it was there that Excalibur
was presented to him, the sword embedded in a floating stone. When he pulled it out, it was an act of reversal of the
Great Rite, separating the female and male concepts of creation which were not to be united again until Arthur's death.
The Lady of the Lake is also said to have been the foster mother of Sir Lancelot, one of Arthurs knights, also a Breton addition
to the tale. She is pictured as sitting on a throne of reeds in the center of the lake's depths. Among her MANY
magickal credits is that of a healer. She is associated with the crane, water lilies and marble. Rules Over:
Purification, healing, Great Rite, any other magickal acts associated with the feminine elements.
Lassair Location: Ireland. Description: Goddess of Midsummer, part of a triune with
her sisters Latiaran and Inghean Bhuidhe. Her name means "flame." Rules Over: Seasonal rites.
Latiaran Location: Ireland. Description: The youungest of the three sisters who made
up a Triune Goddess. Latiaran represented the first harvest of Lughnasadh. The only surviving story about Latiaran
tells us that her apron caught fire and she melted into the ground, her place marked by a heart-shaped stone. Rules Over:
Seasonal rites, fire magick.
Latis Location: England. Description: Lake Goddess who later became a Goddess of ale
and meade. Evidence of her worship still remains at Birdsowald, England. Latis fell in love with a salmon, which
represents knowledge, and out of pity for her, the other deities turned him into a warrior. However, each winter he
must submit to becoming a salmon again until spring. Rules Over: Understanding the wheel of the year, samhain rites,
LeFay Location: Wales. Description: Goddess of the sea and of the Isle of Avalon.
She was an excellent healer and drinking water bles her provided an instant cure for all illnesses. Rules Over:
Leucetios Description: Thunder and storm God. Rules Over: Weather Magick
Litavis Location: Britain. Description: God of the forge. Rules Over: See
Llasar Llaesgyfnewid Location: Wales. Description: Battle God who is always paired
with Cymidei Cymeinfoll, his wife. Rules Over: Strength, past-lives, creativity.
Llyr Other Names: Lear, Lir. Location: Ireland, Wales. Description: God of
the sea and water. Rules Over: Water, sea.
Logia Location: Ireland. Description: Goddess of the Lagan River. Rules Over:
Lot Location: Ireland. Description: Hideous Formorian War Goddess. She is said
to have lips on her breasts and four eyes on her back. She often led the Formorians into battle.
Luaths Lurgann Description: Warrior Goddess whose name means "the speedy-footed one," and she
was known to be the fastest runner of all Ireland. She is associated with the Thistle. Rules Over: Overcoming
enemies, family, loyalty, teaching, physical fitness, astral projection.
Luchtain Other Names: Luchtar. Location: Ireland. Description: Minor war
and death god. Rules Over: Creativity, spirit contact, energy, magickal tools.
Lud Other Names: Llud, Llud Llaw Ereint, Llud of the Silver Hand, Nuada, Nudd, Nodons, Nodens,
Lludd. Location: Ireland, Wales. Description: Chieftain God. He had an invincible sword, one of
the four great treasures of the Tuatha De Danann. Rules Over: Healing, water, ocean, fishing, the Sun, sailing,
childbirth, dogs, youth, beauty, spears, slings, smiths, carpenters, harpers, poets, historians, sorcerers, writing, magick,
Lugh Other Names: Lugh Lamhfada, Llew, Lug, Lugus, Lug Samildananch, Lleu Llaw Gyffes, Lleu,
Lugos, Llew, Llew Llaw Gyffes, Lugus, Ioldanach, Samhioldananach, Lamhfada. Location: Ireland, Wales. Description:
A hero God. His feast is Lughnassadh, a harvest festival. He is associated with ravens. His symbol is a
white stag in Wales. Lugh had a magick spear and rod-sling. One of his magick hounds was obtained from the sons
of Tuirenn as part of the blood-fine for killing his father Cian. He was a carpenter, mason, smith, harper, poet, Druid,
physician and goldsmith. Rules Over: War, magick, commerce, reincarnation, lightning, water, arts and crafts, manual
arts, journeys, martial arts, blacksmiths, poets, harpers, musicians, historians, sorcerers, healing, revenge, initiation,
Mabb Location: Wales. Description: Warrioress believed to be a Welsh version of Ireland's
Queen Maeve. Today in Welsh folklore she is a faery who brings nightmares and is a midwife to the Welsh faery folk,
the Twlwwyth Tegs.
Mabon Other Names: Maponos, Maponus. Description: Minor sun got who also ironically
represness. Some traditions view hiim as the original being, the first God, first life carved out of the primal void
of the divine womb. Rules Over: Any endeavor, seasonal rites, fertility rites, the hunt, death, spirit contact.
MacCecht Location: Ireland. Description: Son of Oghma. God of the plough for
the Tuatha. Rules Over: Fertility, crops, protection magick.
MacCuill Location: Ireland. Description: Minor sea God of the Tuatha De Danann. Rules
Over: Water magick.
MacGreine Location: Ireland. Desscription: Son of Oghma, minor sun God of the Tuatha
De Danann and husband of Eire. Rules Over: Sun, prosperity.
Macha Other Names: Mania, Mana, Mene, Minne. Location: Ireland. Description:
One of the aspects of the triple Morrigu. Associated with ravens and crows. She is honored at Lughnassadh.
Protectress in war as in peace. Goddess of war and death. Rules Over: Cunning, sheer physical force, sexuality,
fertility, dominance over males, childbirth, wisdom, overcoming enemies, past-lives.
MacKay Location: Scotland. Description: MacKay's legend is possibly a reworking of
an old story about a fire God. Rules Over: Faery contact, sun.
Queen Maeve Other Names: Medb, Medhbh, Madb. Location: Ireland. Description:
Queen of Connacht who personifies the heights of feminine power. No doubt, she was once a powerful Goddess who merged
with a later historical figure. Her name means "intoxicated woman," and she was known for her long golden hair, fiery
temper and strong will. She boasted that she could sexually exhaust thirty men each night. As evidence of her
feminine power, battles would pause while she menstruated. Ancient peoples believed this time to be the peak of a woman's
power. She was not only a powerful leader, but also an expert warrioress, huntress and horsewoman. Usually animals,
especially horses, are often depicted with her. Rules Over: Sex magick, leadership, perseverance, strength, warding
off enemies, feminine power.
Magh Mor Location: Ireland. Description: A FirBolg princess/Goddess. Grandmother
Magog Description: Mountain Deity of which her consort was Gog. She was the more important.
Britain's Megg's Hills are named for her, and several hillside chalk effigies portray her. She is usually depicted as
a four-breasted woman astride a horse. It is thought her name may mean "mother deity," and that she was once a fertility
and motehr Goddess. In patriarchal times she became England's St. Margaret. Rules over: Fertility, couples,
Mal Location: Ireland. Description: Hag's Headland is the most famous of Ireland's
jagged cliffs along the western coast. Mal was the Goddess who ruled over them, deciding the fate of all who ventured
Manannan MacLir Other Names: Manawydan Ap Llyr, Manawydden, Manann, Oirbsen. Location:
Ireland, Wales. Description: He dressed in a green cloak and gold headband. He was a shape-shifter.
Chief Irish sea God. His swine magickally renewed themselves, were the chief food of the Tuatha De Danann and kept them
from aging. He had famous weapons that included two spears called Yellow Shaft and Red Javelin; swords called the Retaliator,
Great Fury and Little Furty. He had magick armor that prevented wounds and could make the Tuatha invisible at will.
Rules Over: Sea, navigators, storms, weather at sea, fertility, sailing, weather-forecasting, magick, arts, merchants
and commerce, rebirth.
Marcia Proba Location: England. Description: Celtic Warrior queen Goddess who lived
around the third century B.C.E. Her laws, known as the Marcian Statutes were similar to Ireland's Brehon Laws in that
they were very fair and gave equal status to women. Rules Over: Judgment, justice, fairness, equality.
Margawse Location: Wales, Britain. Description: Mother aspect of the Goddess.
Math Mathonwy Other Names: Mathu, Math Ap Mathonwy. Location: Wales. Rules Over:
Sorcery, magick, enchantment.
Mathonwy Location: Wales. Description: Father God who became the single being from whom
the family of the great Welsh mother Goddess Don was descended. Rules Over: Prosperity.
Matrona Other Names: Modron. Description: Goddess of the Marne River. "Divine
mother." Early name of Modron. Rules Over: Water magick.
Melusine Other Names: Melsuline. Location: Britain, Scotland. Description:
Serpent Goddess brought to common awareness though the writing of French author Rabelais. She and her sisters, Melior
and Palatina, are a triplicity. Rules Over: Compassion, knowledge of when vengeance is not right or just or just
none of your business.
Melwas Other Names: Meleagant. Location: Cornwall. Description: A Dark God
who lay in wait for an entire year to carry of Guinevere to his palace in Avalon. God of the Summerland (Otherworld).
Rules Over: Spirit contact, passing over rituals.
Merlin Other Names: Merddin, Myrddin, Merlyn, Emrys. Location: Wales, Britain. Description:
Great sorcerer, druid, magician. Associated with the fairy religion of the Goddess. A wild man of the woods with
prophetic skills, according to the Old Welsh traditions. It is said he learned all his magick from the Goddess under
her many names of Morgan, Viviane, Nimue, Fairy Queen and Lady of the Lake. He is thought to sleep in a hidden crystal
cave. Rules Over: Illusion, shape-shifting, herbs, healing, woodlands, Nature, protection, counseling, prophecy,
divination, psychic abilities, foreseeing, crystal reading, tarot, magick, rituals, spells, incantations, artisans and smiths.
King Midhir Other Names: Mider, Midir, Midhir of Bri Leith. Location: Otherworld/faery
God/king, Son of the Dagda and Boann. Owned 3 birds, the Cranes of Denial, Despair and Churlishness, who refused hospitality
to travelers, a definite breach of the Celtic rules of social intercourse. He had a magick cauldron which his daughter
Blathnat helped Cuchulain steal from him. Today is viewed as both an Otherworld God and a faery God compared to Pluto.
Rules Over: Faery contact, prosperity spells.
Moccus Location: Britain. Description: Pig God of the continental standing stones who
had his cloudy origins in Celtic Gaul. Perhaps a masculine version of or consort to the popular goddess known as Cerridwen.
He had his own feast day in Celtic Gaul. Rules Over: Sacred Spaces.
Modron Location: Wales. Description: "Great Mother," she is one of the most powerful
of the Celtic mother goddesses. She is also a fertility and harvest deity. She was the Mother of Mabon who was
stolen away from her when he was three days old and rescued later by King Arthur. Rules Over: Mother Goddess Magick
& Ritual, Harvest rites, childbirth beds, sex magick.
Momu Location: Scotland. Description: A Goddess of wells and hillsides.
Morgan LeFay Other Names: Morgause. Location: Wales, Britain. Description:
Daughter of LeFay, half sister of King Arthur, possibly was once a Goddess of Glastonbury Tor, a sacred Pagan site.
Today she is generally thought of as a Death Goddess, equated with The Morrigu. As a Goddess of sovereignty, she backed
the Green Knight to take over the kingdom of Camelot. Rules Over: Music magick, sovereignty, passing over rituals,
spirit contact, water spells, gossip, bigotry.
Morgay Location: Scotland, England. Description: Harvest Goddess from the Scottish/English
border region. Rules Over: Seasonal Rites.
The Morrigu Other Names: Morrigan, Morrighan, Morgan. Location: Ireland, Wales, Britain.
Description: Reinged over the war-field, helping with her magick, but did not join in battles. Associated
with crows and ravens. The Crone aspect of the Goddess. In her dark aspect, she is the goddess of war, fate and
death. The carrion crow is her favorite disguise. With her, Fea (hateful), Nemon (Battle) encouraged fighters
to battle-madness. Rules Over: Rivers, lakes, fresh water, priestesses, witches, revenge, night, magick, prophecy,
banishing magick, passing over rites, overcoming enemies, battles, warriors, service wo/men, violence.
Muireartach Location: Ireland, Scotland. Description: Battle Goddess whose name means
"eastern sea," and she personified the storm-tossed seas between Ireland and Scotland. In modern times an entire race
of unpleasant Scottish sea faeries bears her name. She is depicted as a one-eyed crone with a black and blue face and
a scaled body. The Fianna said she would occasionally fly in from over the sea and fight on their side in battle. Rules
Over: See The Morrigu.
Mullo Location: Britain. Description: Patron Deity of teamsters. He is associated
with jackassess and with the Roman God Mars. Rules Over: Protection in travel, animals.
Murigen Location: Ireland, Scotland, Manx. Description: Lake Goddess associated with
the deluge legends. Rules Over: Water magick.
Naas Location: Ireland. Description: Goddess. Wife of Lugh, she died in County
Kildare at a site which still bears her name.
Nair Location: Ireland. Description: This Goddess is best-known for escorting High
King Crebhan to the Otherworld where she gave him great treasures. Her name means "modesty." Rules Over: Spirit
contact, Samhain rites, prosperity.
Nehalennia Location: Britain. Description: Dog Goddess who was the patron deity of
sea traders, perhaps an image derived from Sirius (The Dog Star, which was once an important navigational star. Rules
Over: Protection on the water.
Neit Other Names: Net. Location: Ireland. Description: Tuatha De Danann War
God who is seen as both the husband of Nemain and of the entire Morrigu triune. Rules Over: Fertility rites.
Nemain Other Names: Neman, Nemhain, Nemontona, Nemona. Location: Ireland. Description:
"Venomous one." She is one of the triune crone Goddesses of battle and strife which make up The Morrigu. Rules Over:
See The Morrigu.
Nemetona Location: England. Description: Guardian Goddess of all sacred places such
as circles or magickal groves. A shrine to her was created at Bath, England, where she was shown as seated and surrounded
by three hooded figures and a ram. The three figures symbolize the Triple Goddess and the ram is a male fertility representation
linked to Cernunnos. Rules Over: Protection of circles/groves/sacred grounds.
Nemglan Location: ireland. Description: Bird God who fathered Conaire Mor. Rules
Over: Divination, fertility, spirit contact.
Niamh Location: Ireland. Description: An aspect of Badb who helps heroes at death.
Rules Over: Naming rites, spirit contact, love magick, passing over rituals.
Nicevenn Location: Scotland. Description: Crone Goddess associated with Samhain.
In modern times she is called a "witch" or "evil faery." Rules Over: Samhain rituals.
Noctiluca Location: Gaul. Description: Goddess of Magick from Celtic Gaul about whom
nothing else is known. It is a possibility she was originally Roman. Rules Over: Magick.
Nwyrve Location: Wales. Description: Husband of Arianrhod about whom nothing is known
aside his name. Most likely a father sky god at one time.
Oanuava Location: Britain. Description: Very old Earth Goddess from Celtic Gaul.
A Mother Goddess who was regionally worshipped as the source from which all life flowed.
Ogma Other Names: Oghma, Ogmios, Grianainech, Cermait. Location: Ireland. Description:
A champion of the Tuatha who carried a huge club. He invented the Ogam script alphabet. Rules Over: Eloquence,
poets, writers, physical strength, inspiration, language, literature, magick, spells, the arts, music, reincarnation.
Pwyll Other Names: Pwyll Pen Annwn. Location: Wales. Description: Sometimes
the ruler of the underworld. Rules Over: Cunning, loyalty, fraternal love, spirit contact.
Ratis Description: Goddess of protective fortifications whose name means "of the fortress."
Ratis' most notable worship sites were near the towns of Birdoswald and Chesters. Rules Over: Defenses, protection.
Rhiannon Location: Ireland. Description: "The Great Queen." Goddess of birds
and horses. She rides a swift white horse. Rules Over: Horses, enchantments, fertility and the Underworld,
overcoming enemies, patience, magick, moon rituals, dream work.
Rosmerta Location: Celtic Gaul and Roman Gaul. Description: Goddess of both Celtic
and Roman Gaul. After Rome conquered the region, Rosmerta was taken into the local Roman pantheon where she became a
consort of their God Mercury. She is depicted carrying a caduceus wand, which indicates she was adept in the healing
arts. In Celtic Gaul her images are confused, and she is considered to be a Goddess of either water or the sun, which
is indicative that she may have been associated with hot springs. Rules Over: Healing, communication.
Saitada Description: She is known only from one inscription in the Tyne Valley. It is thought
she was a Goddess of mourning. Rules over: Passing Over rites, mourning.
Scathach Other Names: Scota, Scatha, Scath, Scathach nUanaind, Scathach Buanand, Skatha. Location:
Ireland, Scotland. Description: Underworld Goddess, Goddess in her Destroyer aspect. A warrior woman and prophetess
who lived in Albion, most likely on the Isle of Skye and taught the martial arts. Rules Over: Blacksmiths, healing,
magick, prophecy, martial arts, protection, teaching.
Segomo Description: War God called by the name Cocidius. His image is always seen with
birds of prey such as the hawk or falcon.
Sequana Other Names: Sequena. Location: Britain. Description: Earth Goddess
who lived beneath the rivers of Britain and could only be seen if the rivers were drained or low from drought. Goddess
of the many other River Goddesses. Rules Over: Prosperity, earth magick, water magick, purification.
Sheila-Na-Gig Location: Ireland. Description: Not much is known about this deity aside
the fact that she was most likely a protective or blessing deity. She has been found on the doors of early Irish convents.
The nuns adorned the doors with her figure. When the churchmen found this, they were horrified and broke them off.
She is depicted as a woman holding wide her vulva in a triangular pattern. Today she is viewed by the Celtic Pagans
as a Goddess of regeneration. Rules Over: Feminine power, past/future-lives.
Shoney Location: Scotland, Ireland, Manx. Description: Today, the Shoney are now though
tto be sea faeries living off the coast of Scotland and northern Ireland, but were originally a single God of the North Sea.
Rules Over: Faery contact, sea.
Sin Location: Ireland. Description: At one time she was a Patron Goddess of warriors
who has been reduced to being a minor faery who feeds on battle. The very oldest legends about her portray her as a
potent Goddess who could make wine from water and swine from leaves in order to feed and fortify her fighting legions. Rules
Over: Stamina, strength, legal matters, overcoming enemies, protection, prosperity, hunger, homelessness.
Sionnan Location: Ireland. Description: Goddess of the River Shannon. Queen of
the well spirits of Ireland. Rules Over: Faery contact, well rituals.
Sirona Other Names: Dirona. Location: Britain. Description: "Star."
Goddess of many of the beneficial hot springs in southern France from which her few legends came. Also a Sky Goddess
and most likely deity of the Sun. Mother of Borvo, who took her position in patriarchal times. Rules Over:
Slaine Location: Ireland. Description: Thought to be a deity of healing and the medical
arts. Son of Partholan. Rules Over: Healing.
Somhlth Location: Ireland, Scotland, Manx. Description: God who had no corporeal incarnation.
Symbolizes pure masculinity, divine energy. Rules Over: Masculine powers.
Sucellos Description: A river and death God about whom nothing but his name is known about.
However, some claim he was the consort of Nantosuelta, whose name means "of the meandering stream." Others see him as
a representation of death. Rules Over: Water, death.
Sul Other Names: Sulla, Sulis, Sulevia. Description: Goddess of hot springs whose sacred
waters always were hot. Prince Bladud built a shrine to her near Aquae Sulis where the popular modern-day spa is located.
The waters were once thought to hold powerful healing magick, and a perpetual fire was burned near them in her honor.
She is depicted in bas-reliefs with a foot of an owl, and wearing a hat made of the head of a bear. Later, the Romans
adopted her and called her Sul Minerva, a deity later associated with Imbolg and Ireland's Brigit. Rules over: Imbolg
rites and healing rituals.
Taillte Other Names: Taultiu, Tailtu, Telta. Location: Ireland. Description:
Goddess of Lughnasadh associated with the harvest of the first grains, especially wheat. It is cryptically said she
is the foster mother of light. Perhaps in reference to Lugh). But it also may be in reference to an old creation
myth in which the Goddess gives birth to the Sun. This Goddess lived at Tara and was revered there as an earth deity
and patron Goddess of competition. Annual games festivels were held at Plain of Oenach Taillten (which was cleared at
her behest for a playing field), now called Teltown, until 1169. Many consider these to be the Irish Olympics (Though
many others think it was associated with Passing Over rites). These games were revived in the late inneteenth century
when a renewed interest in Irish culture flourished. Trial marriages, for a duration of a year and a day, were held
on her sacred site to promote fertility. Rules Over: Seasonal and harvest rites, fertility magick, enhancing strength
for competitive games.
Taliesin Location: Wales. Description: A poet, Prince of Song. Chief of the Bards
of the West. Patron of Druids, bards and minstrels. A shape-shifter. Rules Over: Writing, poetry, wisdom,
wizards, bards, music, knowledge, magick.
Taliesin Location: Wales. Description: Minor barley God worshipped through the 16th
century. Do not confuse him with the bard, Taliesin, though some of the famous bard's attributes were grafted onto him.
Rules Over: Fertility, Barley.
Tamara Description: Goddess of the River Tamar which divides the Duchy of Cornwall from the rest
of England. Most likely as much a protective force as she was a water deity. Rules Over: Creation or fortification
Tamesis Description: Goddess of the River Thames, later replaced in patriarchal times by Llud,
for whom Ludgate Hill in London is named. Rules Over: Water magick.
Tannus Other Names: Tinnus, Taranus. Location: Britain. Description: Thunder
God. In early Gaul human sacrifices were offered to him to influence the weather. He was also God of the wheel as well
as God of Fertility and a Sky God. Rules Over: Seasonal rites, weather magick, fertility spells.
Taranis Description: Death Goddess to whom human sacrifices were offered. Rules Over:
Passing Over rituals.
Tethra Location: Ireland. Description: King of the FirBolgs after they were banished
into the sea. He is now seen as a minor death God. Rules Over: Water magick, faery contact, weather magick,
Tlachtga Location: Ireland. Description: Goddess of sacrifice. She died giving birth to triplets
fathered by three different men. Associated with Samhain, and her rites were once held on her sacred hill in County
Meade, a site which held her name. Today it is known as the Hill of Ward. Rules Over: Samhain rituals, Croneage
rites of passage.
Triduana Location: Scotland. Description: Goddess of Edinburgh who plucked out her
eyes to erradicate her own beauty rather than submit to the advances of Nechtan, King of the Picts. Some believe she
is an eastern Scottish version of the Irish Goddess brrid.
The Triple Goddess Description: The Triple Goddess is known and worshiped in Pagan cultures all
over the world. She is eternal, yet always in a state of change. Her colors are white for the maiden, red for
the mother and black for the crone. The Symbol of the Triple Goddess is the Waxing, Full and Waning Moons.
Tuan MacCarell Other Names: MacCairill. Location: Ireland. Description: Nephew
of Partholan was a hero who was created a God of animals and the woodlands by the mother Goddess Dana. Rules Over:
Past-lives, shape-shifting, animals, ecological magick, woodlands.
Turrean Other Names: Tureann. Location: Ireland. Description: Beautiful Goddess
who was transformed into the first large, shaggy Irish Wolfhound by a jealous faery queen named Uchtdealbh. The spell
had a flaw. Not only did it turn Turrean into a dog, but quite literally, she became the most beautiful dog ever seen
on earth. She was kept prisoner at Uchtdealbh's home in Galway Bay until her brother, the warrior chief Fionn MacCumhal,
saved her and her two sons, Bran and Sgeolan, who stayed in the shape of the dogs for the rest of their lives. (The sons are
often depicted as guard dogs seated near Fionn.) Rules Over: Making the best of bad situations, dog, dog familiars,
New Year rites.
Uairebhuidhe Location: Ireland. Description: Bird Goddess whom little is known about
today. Most likely a goddess of death or Otherworld. Maybe even a consort of the better-known bird God Nemglan.
Uathach Location: Ireland, Scotland. Description: Goddess who trained warriors to fight.
One of the many mistresses Cuchulain had over his life. Rules Over: Proteciton and strength.
Vaga Description: Goddess of teh River Wye.
Verbeia Description: Goddess of the Wharfe and Avon Rivers.
Wachilt Description: Minor sea Goddess later called a "witch" in English mythology. Mother
of Wayland the Smith who is a German God honored in England.
White Lady Location: Known to all Celtic countries. Description: Dryad of Death.
Queen of the Dead. The crone form of the Goddess. Rules Over: Death, destruction, annihilation.
Loa of spring water. She has eyes that bulge out and a terrible temper.
Loa of the sea and patron of fishermen and sailors. His symbol is the drawing of a boat. Sacrifices to
him are loaded onto small rafts and set adrift at sea. If the raft sinks, the sacrifice has been accepted.
Haitian Loa of fish and sea plants, the patron of fishermen and sailors.
Loa of fertility and new life, especially conception and childbirth. Wife of Damballa. Known as the Rainbow
Snake, she takes a snake form. Her symbol is the rainbow, and her color is white. Sacrifices of white chickens and white eggs
are often made to her.
Loa of the marketplace and herbal healing. She is also the protector of the houngan (temple) and religious
ceremonies, who never possesses anyone during ritual. Her symbol is the palm leaf and her colors are white and silver.
Loa of thunder and Loa of agriculture and protector of the crops. He is pictured as a peasant carrying
a straw bag. His color is blue and cornmeal or corn cakes are sacrificed to him.
Loa of the cemetary in the family of Guédé, a group of loas associated with Guédé, the Loa of the Dead.
Most powerful of the Guédé, he is the loa of death and controls the passageway between the world of the
living and the world of the dead. He often has information about the dead. He is one of the Guédé family which associate with
the Loa of the dead, Guédé. His color is black and he prefers a top hat and dark glasses. He likes cigarettes, food, and rum
in which 21 hot peppers have been steeped.
Loa of the cross in the family of Guédé, a group of loas associated with Guédé, the Loa of the Dead.
Loa of money, who has special influence over black magic and ill-gotten fortune. Similar to the Catholic
St. Brigid. Her color is purple and black chickens are sacrificed to her.
Bugid Y Aiba
The Loa of war on Haiti and Puerto
Father of the loa, he represents the ancestral knowledge that forms the foundation of Vodou. He is the
loa of new life and fertility. A snake Loa who lives in trees near springs. On Haiti
he is called Bon Dieu ("good Loa"). His symbols are the snake and the asson, and his color is white. White chickens and eggs
are sacrificed to him.
The Haitian loa of farmers. He originated from the African Loa Danh.
Loa of thunder in Haiti.
Loadess of Love. Loa of love, beauty, purity and romance, elemental forces, dancing, flowers, jewels, and
pretty clothes. On her fingers she wears three wedding rings, her three husbands being Damballa, the serpent Loa, Agwe, Loa
of the sea and Ogoun the warrior hero. She is the most-loved of the loa, and can influence romance, marriage, good fortune
and artistic endeavors. Her symbol is the heart and her colors are pink and blue. Sweets, perfumes, desserts and white doves
are sacrificed to her.
The dark aspect of Erzuile. She is the loa of jealousy and vengance, and is often cruel. Her symbol is
the heart pierced by a dagger and her colors are red and black.
Loa of the forest. Represents the forces of nature in Haitian religion.
The original supreme being of Haitian religion. Practitioners of Vodou consider him too remote for personal
The Loa of the Dead. Also refers to a Group of loa that associate with Guédé and are considered members
of his family. He is a very wise man for his knowledge is an accumulation of the knowledge of all the deceased. He stands
on the center of all the roads that lead to Guinee, the afterworld. Guédé is represented as an undertaker, dressed completely
in black wearing dark glasses.
An aspect of Erzuile who represents the sea. She is seen as a mermaid.
The most powerful of all the loa and the guardian of the gate between the material world and the world
of the loas. He also has great wisdom and knowledge of the past and future. Every ritual begins with a sacrifice to Legba.
He is the guardian of the sun and his color is black.
A deity, of Congo religion, worshipped
in the African cults of Haiti and Brazil.
One of the Haitian loa, believed to live among the rocks. He has an insatiable appetite and persecutes
and kills people. He then eats them. Even his own devotees are not safe from his hunger.
A Haitian loa who lives among rocks and ravines. He is said to kill those who offend him.
A tree Loa, and patron of plants and healers. He is one of the loa in the Caribbean
voodoo-religion. An aspect of Legba, he is the master of the hounfort (temple) and loa of medicine and the healing arts.
Loa of magicians. The Haitian lord of crossroads. Loa who stands in balance to Legba. He is the loa of
night and misfortune, who brings bad luck and illness to the world. His symbol is the crossroads and his color is black.
The Haitian voodoo Loadess who protects the graves in cemeteries that are marked with the cross. Her masculine
counterpart is Ghede (Baron Samedi).
The sacred twins, considered to have balance and be two parts of the same whole. Saluted at every ritual.
Powerful and violent loa of the Petro family.
Mombu is a stammering loa who causes storms of torrential rain.
Nago Shango is one of the more powerful loa in Haitian religion.
In Haitian religion, a powerful warrior and the loa of all things male, including warfare, politics, fire,
lightning, thunder, iron and metalworking. His symbol is the sword and his color is red. Sacrifices of red roosters, tobacco,
and rum poured on the ground and set afire are made to him. He is the patron Loa of smiths' fire. The machete or sable is
Aspect of Ogoun who represents the phallus.
Aspect of Ogoun who represents stability and order.
Aspect of Ogoun who represents lightning. He is decended from the Nigerian Loa Shango, Loa of fire and
The Haitian voodoo Loa who acts as an intermediary between the loa and humans. He is also the Loa of the
crossroads; he opens the road to the spirit world. He taught mankind the use of oracles and how to interpret them. Papa Legba
is commonly depicted as an old man sprinkling water or an old man with a crutch, and is also known as Legba or Legba Ati-Bon.
In any vodoun ceremony, Legba is the first loa invoked, so that he may "open the gate" for communication between the worlds.The
dog is his symbolic animal.
The Petro are a group of spirits which are easily annoyed. They are symbolized by a whip. Family of loa
who represent the dark, agressive side of life. Many of the loa have an aspect in both the Petro and the Ranga family. These
loa are often violent or angry, and can ask a high price for their services. They originated in Hati during the times of slavery.
A loa which is held responsible for making floods. Pie, a grave soldier, lies at the bottom of ponds and
The benevolent and gentle loa who originated in Africa. They are the protectors of the people and their
worship follows the traditional African ries of the loa.
Loa of rainfall and fresh water, he oversees the making of charms. Simbi is one of the three cosmic serpents
of Haitian voodoo-religion, the water-snake loa. His color is green and his symbol is the water snake. Speckeled roosters
are sacrificed to him.
A voodoo spirit, particularly of thunder, one of the a loa. Sobo looks like a handsome soldier.
In Haitian voodoo Sousson-Pannan is an evil and very ugly loa whose body is all covered with sores. He
is known to drink liquor and blood.
Ti Jean Quinto
In Haitian religion, Ti Jean Quinto is an insolent spirit who lives under bridges. He usually assumes the
form of a policeman.